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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Notes Deck (24):
1

monosaccharide

simple sugar

2

example of monosaccharides

glucose, fructose, galactose

3

disaccharide

2 simple sugars chemically bonded

4

example of disaccharides

maltose, lactose, fructose

5

polysaccharide

many sugars chemically combined

6

example of polysaccharides

starch, glycogen, cellutose

7

molecules are built and chemically bonded with the removal of water

dehydration synthesis

8

the bond formed between a carbohydrate and another molecule

glycosidic link

9

breaking down bonds between molecules by adding water

hydroylosis

10

carbohydrates....

-a huge source of energy for living things
-provides structure

11

Lipids:
carbon hydrogen and ________________ oxygen

very few

12

a fatty acid tail is hydrophobic which is

water hating

13

glycerol head is hydrophillic which is

water loving

14

primary function of lipids is to

store energy

15

composed of a glycerol head and three fatty acid tails

triglyceride

16

no double bonds present in the fatty acid tail

saturated fat

17

double bond or bonds present in the tail

unsaturated fat

18

what is another name for carbon compounds

organic compounds

19

which compounds have the same moleculer formula but different structures

isomers

20

which of these compounds has the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms on its carbon chain

saturated hydrocarbon

21

compounds that contain only the elements carbon and hydrogen are called

hydrocarbon

22

what shapes do hydrocarbons NOT form

geodesic domes

23

how many can chemical bond can each carbon atom form

4

24

A very large organic molecule made up of chains of smaller molecules is called a

polymer