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Flashcards in Cardiac and Respiratory Deck (18):
1

Asthma can be classified as which type of respiratory condition

a. Pneumonia
b.Inflammatory condition affecting the airways
c. Respiratory failure
d. Bronchitis

Inflammatory condition affecting the airways

2

Which of the following best describe the characteristics of the allergic reaction in asthma:

a.Pulmonary oedema, decreased mucus secretions, bronchospasm
b. Bronchospasm, airway swelling, pulmonary oedema
c. Airway swelling, dry mucosa, pulmonary oedema
d. Airway swelling, increased mucus secretions, bronchospasm

Airway swelling, increased mucus secretions, bronchospasm

3

Breathing rate is most likely to increase if the blood level of:

a. Carbon dioxide decreases
b. Carbon dioxide stays constant
c. Carbon dioxide increases
d. Oxygen increases

Carbon dioxide increases

4

Hyperventilation causes:

a. A decrease in plasma carbon dioxide (pCO2)
b. An increase in plasma carbon dioxide (pCO2)
c. A decrease in plasma pH
d. A decrease in plasma oxygen (pO2)

A decrease in plasma carbon dioxide (pCO2)

5

An irregular heart rhythm is referred to as

a. Angina pectoris
b. Aneurysm
c. Atherosclerosis
d. Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia

6

A blood test that measures protein released into the blood by damaged heart muscle is called

a. Stress test
b. Echocardiogram
c. Urea and Electrolytes
d. Troponin 1

Troponin 1

7

Surgery that opens a blocked artery by inflating a small balloon on a catheter to widen and restore blood flow using a stent in the artery is called

a. Endovenous laser therapy
b. Angioplasty
c. Cardioversion
d. Valvuloplasty

Angioplasty

8

Irregular, random contraction of heart fibres that occurs in the atria or ventricles of the heart is called

a. Sinus Rhythm
b. Aneurysm
c. Angina Pectoris
d. Fibrillation

Fibrillation

9

A ‘mini-stroke’ or transient ischaemic attack occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is temporarily interrupted.

a. False
b. True

True

10

The suffix 'stenosis' refers to

a. Dilatation
b. Fatty build up of plaque
c. Necrotic tissues
d. Narrowing or stricture

Narrowing or stricture

11

Drugs that prevent the clotting of blood are called

Select one or more:
a. Benzodiazepines
b. Beta Blockers
c. Anticoagulants
d. Statins

Anticoagulants

12

Drugs that slow the heart rate and reduce the force with which the heart muscle contracts, thereby lowering blood pressure are called

a. Beta Blockers
b. Statins
c. Nitrates
d. Thrombolytics

Beta Blockers

13

A patient with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) typically experiences the following symptoms:

a.Breathlessness, dry cough, chest pain, wheeze
b.Increased sputum, infection, intermittent cough, bradycardia
c.Wheeze, dry cough, tight chest, pyrexia
d. Breathlessness, chronic cough, increased sputum, fatigue.

Breathlessness, chronic cough, increased sputum, fatigue.

14

Respiratory acidosis is a potential complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders (COPD)

a. True
b. False

True

15

A 70 year old patient is admitted with a history of heart failure and now presents with pulmonary oedema. What pathophysiological process is occurring?

a.Fluid accumulates in the pericardium
b.Perfusion of the lungs interrupted by a pulmonary embolus
c. Decreased hydrostatic pressure in the capillaries causes fluid to leak into the alveoli; collapsing them
d.Increased hydrostatic pressure in the capillaries causes fluid to leak into the interstitial spaces

Increased hydrostatic pressure in the capillaries causes fluid to leak into the interstitial spaces

16

The condition in which outside air enters the pleural cavity is called:

Select one or more:
a. Pneumonia
b. Alveolar ventilation
c. Pneumothorax.
d. Pulmonary ventilation

Pneumothorax

17

Which type of pneumonia will respond best to treatment with antibiotics?


Select one or more:
a. Protozoal
b. Bacterial
c. Viral
d. Fungal

Bacterial

18

Fungal infection of the lungs is the most common cause of pneumonia

Select one or more:
a. False
b. True

False