Cardiac Murmurs Flashcards Preview

CMDT 2017 > Cardiac Murmurs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiac Murmurs Deck (21)
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1

- grade 1 murmur

- thrill?

- very faint, only heard in ideal circumstances

- NO

2

- grade 2 murmur

- thrill?

loud enough to be generally heard

- NO

3

- grade 3 murmur

- thrill?

- louder then grade 2

- NO

4

- grade 4 murmur

- thrill?

- louder then grade 3

- YES

5

- grade 5 murmur

- thrill?

- heard with stethoscope partially off chest

- YES

6

- grade 6 murmur

- thrill?

- heard with stethoscope entirely off chest

- YES

7

what is the shape of a murmur?

intensity throughout cardiac cycle

8

how do you describe the shape of a murmur?

- crescendo
- crescendo-decrescendo
- decrescendo

9

what does high and low pitch indicate when describing murmurs?

- high = LARGE pressure gradient
- low = LOW pressure gradient

10

murmur location: aortic valve

RUSB

11

murmur location: pulmonic valve

LUSB

12

murmur location: tricuspid valve

LLSB

13

murmur location: mitral valve

apex

14

where is Erb's point?

LSB, 3rd ICS

15

how are diastolic murmurs graded?

1-4

16

midsystolic murmurs (4)

1. aortic stenosis
2. pulmonic stenosis
3. atrial septal defect
4. HOCM

17

holosystolic murmurs (3)

1. mitral regurgitation
2. tricuspid regurgitation
3. VSD

18

late systolic murmur

mitral valve prolapse

19

early diastolic murmurs (3)

1. aortic regurgitation
2. pulmonic regurgitation
3. Austin-Flint (associated w/ severe aortic regurgitation)

20

mid/late diastolic murmurs (2)

1. mitral stenosis
2. tricuspid stenosis

21

continuous "machine-like" murmur

patent ductus arteriosus