Differential Diagnoses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Differential Diagnoses Deck (8)
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1

acute cough (< 3 weeks)

- viral respiratory infection
- COPD
- asthma
- allergic rhinitis
- inspiratory whoop if + post-tussive cough
- HF

2

persistent and chronic cough (3-8 weeks and > 8 weeks)

- acute respiratory tract infection (> 90%)
- pertussis (> 3 weeks)
- ACEI
- postnasal drip
- asthma
- GERD
- HF
- chronic lung disease
- anemia
- bronchiogenic CA if wt loss/hemoptysis/fevers/NS

3

urgent/emergent causes of acute dyspnea

- pneumonia
- COPD
- asthma
- pneumothorax
- pulmonary embolism
- cardiac disease
- diffuse alveolar hemorrhage
- metabolic acidosis
- cyanide toxicity
- methemoglobinemia
- carbon monoxide poisoning

4

urgent/emergent causes of acute dyspnea d/t cardiac disease

- HF
- acute MI
- valvular dysfunction
- arrhythmia
- intracardiac shunt

5

hemoptysis from the airways

- COPD
- bronchiectasis
- bronchogenic carcinoma

6

hemoptysis from the pulmonary vasculature

- left ventricular failure
- mitral stenosis
- pulmonary embolism
- pulmonary arterial hypertension
- arteriovenous malformations

7

hemoptysis from the pulmonary parenchyma

- pneumonia
- inhalation of crack cocaine
- granulomatosis with polyangiitis

8

chest pain

- acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
- pericarditis
- aortic dissection
- vasospastic angina
- pulmonary embolism
- pneumonia
- esophageal perforation