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Flashcards in Cardiomyopathy Deck (19):
1

major classification of cardiomyopathy

dilated
restrictive
hypertrophic

2

most common pattern of Familial cardiomyopathy

autosomal dominant

3

EF For each cardiomyopathy

Dilated:< 30%
Restrictive: 25-50%
Hypertrophic:>60%

4

Tx for long standing cardiomyopathy

BB + ACEI/ARB

5

Most common cause of infective myocarditis


Trypanosoma cruzi

6

Protein degraded by viral proteases in viral myocarditis during myocardial injury and lysis

Dystrophin

7

Rapid progression from severe febrile resp infection to cardiogenic shock and MOD

Acute fulminant myocarditis

8

Diagnosis of viral myocarditis according to Dallas criteria

Lymphocytic infiltration with evidence of myocyte necrosis (negative in 80-90%)

9

Clinical findings of pericarditis + elevated cardiac markers or abnormal wall motion

Perimyocarditis/ myopericarditis

10

Viruses implicated in myocarditis

HIV, Hep C

11

Therapy for toxoplasmosis

Pyrimerhamine + sulfadiazene/ clindamycin

12

Most common cause of non infectious myocarditis

Granulomatous (sarcoidosis, giant cell)

13

Risk factors for peripartum cardiomyopathy

Increased maternal age
Increased parity
Malnutrition
Twin pregnancy
Use of tocolytic therapy
Preeclampsia
Toxemia of preg

14

Most common toxin implicated in toxic cardiomyopathy

Alcohol

15

Chemotherapeutic agents implicated in cardiomyopathy

Anthracyclines, trastuzumab, cyclophosphamide, ifosphamide

16

Hemochromatosis causes what type of cardiomyopathy

Restrictive

17

Stress induced cardiomyopathy

Takotsubo

18

characteristic Feature of Restrictive cardiomyopathy

predominant right sided congestive symptoms

19

Kussmaul's sign, prominent y descent, Thickened pericardium

Constrictive pericarditis