Flashcards in Cardiovascular Examination Deck (11):
What position does the patient need to be in?
What are the main stages of the exam?
Close Inspection of the Chest
Sacral and Peripheral Oedema
What are you looking for in general inspection? Where is it done from?
From the end of the bed
What are you looking for when examining the hands?
What are you examining in pulses?
Radial - rate, rhythm ad respiratory rate
Brachial - volume and character
Carotid Pulse - volume and character
JVP - and hepatojugular reflex
What are you looking for during the face examination?
Tongue to the roof of mouth and out
What are you looking for when examining the chest closely?
What are you palpating for, and where?
Apex Beat - 5th intercostal space, mid axillary line
Parasternal Heaves - heel of the hand on the leg sternal edge
Thrills - hand horizontally across the chest
What are you listening for in Auscultation, with what part of the stethoscope?
Carotid Pulse and Bruits
4 Valves - bell and diaphragm
What manoeuvres are there for auscultating cardiac murmurs?
Atrial stenosis - carotid, hold breath
Atrial regurgitation - apex beat, lean forwards
Mitral - left sternal edge, lean to the left side