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Flashcards in cardiovascular system Deck (67):
1

HR

heart rate

2

ECG/EKG

Electrocardiogram

3

SA

sinoatrial

4

AV

Atrioventricular

5

VSD

ventricular septical defect

6

PDA

patient ductus arterious

7

PVC

Premature ventricular contraction

8

CHF

congestive heart failure

9

HCM

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

10

cardi/o

heart

11

shygmo

pulse

12

man

pressure

13

phleb

vein

14

steth

chest

15

angi

vessel

16

ather

plaque

17

coron

crown

18

sclerosis

become hardened from inflammation/dryness

19

megaly

enlargement

20

fibrillation

rapid, random, ineffective heart contractions

21

endocardium

epithelial lining inside of the heart chambers

22

infarct

area of necrosis caused by lack of blood supply

23

systole

contraction of the heart

24

diastole

relaxation of the heart

25

asystole

w/o contraction, lack of heart activity

26

pericardial space

space between the parietal pericardium and visceral pericardium

27

cardiac tamponade

compression of heart due to fluid or blood collection

28

heart

cardi/o

29

pulse

shygmo

30

pressure

man

31

vein

phleb

32

chest

steth

33

vessel

angi

34

plaque

ather

35

crown

coron

36

become hardened from inflammation/dryness

sclerosis

37

enlargement

megaly

38

rapid, random, ineffective heart contractions

fibrillation

39

epithelial lining inside of the heart chambers

endocardium

40

area of necrosis caused by lack of blood supply

infarct

41

contraction of the heart

systole

42

relaxation of the heart

diastole

43

w/o contraction, lack of heart activity

asystole

44

space between the parietal pericardium and visceral pericardium

pericardial space

45

compression of heart due to fluid or blood collection

cardiac tamponade

46

force of contraction

inotropy

47

band used for constriction of a limb to control bleeding or assist with venipuncture

tourniquet

48

baloon like blood-filled bulge in the wall of a vessel

aneurysm

49

pointed part of the heart

apex

50

arteries that serve the heart

coronary arteries

51

expander implanted in a blood vessel to prevent it from collapsing

stent

52

interference with conduction of the heart

heart block

53

mitral valve

bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve with two flaps

54

suture of a vessel

angiorrhaphy

55

blood volume pumped out of the heart in one contraction

stroke volume

56

blood volume pumped by the heart in one minute

cardiac output

57

blockage of a vessel

occlusion

58

half moon shaped valves at the openings of the aorta and pulmonary arteries

semilunar valves

59

widening vessel diameter

vasodilation

60

area of the thorax between the lungs that contains the heart

mediastinum

61

leakage or inavailability of a valve to perform

insufficiency

62

heart murmur

abnormal rythm from turbulent blood flow

63

occurs through the entire ventricular phase

holosystolic

64

entrance chambers of the heart

atrium

65

film produced after injection of radio-opaque dye into vessels to evaluate size and shape

angiogram

66

electric shock to reset heart rythm

defibrillation

67