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Flashcards in muscular system Deck (44):
1

deltoidius

shaped like the greek letter, Delta, (triangle)

2

rectus abdominus

abdominal muscle that goes straight along the body axis

3

serratus ventrails

saw-toothed muscle on the ventral side

4

subscapularis

below the scapula(medial surface)

5

teres minor

small cylindrical muscle

6

flexor digitalis

flexes the digits

7

biceps brachii

two headed muscle along the brachium

8

trapezius

shaped like a trapezoid

9

transverse abdominus

abdominal muscle oriented crosswise

10

tibialis cranialis

located on the cranial part of the tibia

11

sternohyoid

originates on the sternum and inserts on the hyoid bone

12

supraspinatus

above the spine of the scapula

13

orbicularisoculi

surrounds the eye

14

intercostal

between the ribs

15

gastrocnemius

stomach shaped the muscle of the leg

16

levator palpebrae

elevates the eyelids

17

aponeurosis

a fibrous sheet that connects flat muscles

18

neuromuscular junction

where a motor neuron contacts the a muscle fiber

19

origin

least movable part of a muscle, closest to the midline

20

insertion

the most moveable attachment, usually furthest from the midline

21

methocarbimol

chemical that relaxes the muscles

22

fascia

fibrous connective tissue that covers, separates and supports muscles

23

rhabdomyolysis

the disintegration of striated muscle with excretion of myoglobin in the urine

24

myoglobin

oxygen transporting pigment of muscle

25

atonic

lacks muscle control

26

striated

has streaks or stripes

27

kinesiology

the study of movement

28

myasthenia

muscle weakness

29

hernia

protrusion of an organ through the tissue that normally contains it

30

sarcoplasm

the cytoplasm of muscle cells

31

selenium

an essential mineral nutrient

32

range of motion

the ability of a joint or muscle to flex, extend and rotate

33

myositosis

inflammation of a muscle

34

pronation

to turn downwards

35

supination

turn the palmar surface upward

36

myotomy

surgical incision on a muscle

37

myoclonus

muscle spasm

38

lelomyoma

benign tumor from smooth muscle

39

actin and myosin

proteins responsible for muscle relaxation and contraction

40

sarcolemma

plasma membrane of muscle cells

41

electromyography

emg; recording the electrical movement f a muscle

42

rigormortis

stiffening of a dead body

43

glycogen

cheif carb stored in muscles and liver cells

44

myotonia

delayed relaxation of a muscle after contraction