Care of the Surgical Patient ( ch 2 adlt hlth) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Care of the Surgical Patient ( ch 2 adlt hlth) Deck (105)
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1

The patient is 38 years old and is in her second postoperative day after placement of an intramedullary rod in her left femur. She is receiving analgesia via a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) device. The inappropriate intervention related to caring for a patient with a PCA is:

Administering the analgesia to the patient.

-With the PCA system of medication administration, the patient can self-administer an analgesic by pressing a control button. The nurse should not give medication doses by pushing the control button.

2

A 73-year-old patient with diabetes was admitted for below-the-knee amputation of his right leg. Removal of his right leg is an example of which type of surgery?

Ablative

3

The Patient’s Bill of Rights states that a patient must give his or her permission for any specific test or procedure to be performed. What is the legal term for this permission?

Informed consent

4

An informed consent was to be obtained from the patient for his scheduled open cholecystectomy. Which circumstance could prevent the patient from signing his informed consent?

An injection of Demerol, 75 mg IM, 1 hour ago

5

The anesthesiologist provides ____ anesthesia by inhalation and IV administration routes.

general

6

A type of anesthesia that requires a depressed level of consciousness is

conscious sedation.

7

The older adult patient may not respond to surgical treatment as well as a younger adult because of

his or her body’s response to physiological changes.

8

A 45-year-old patient has had a repair of a cerebral aneurysm and is presenting signs of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Which postoperative nursing interventions would be contraindicated?

Coughing every 2 hours

9

A male patient, age 80, has had a total hip replacement. Anxiety, hypotension, and jarring during transfer from the recovery room to his room can cause a postoperative increase in which of his vital signs?

Pulse rate

10

A patient, age 65, underwent a right hemicolectomy. On postoperative day 4, her surgical wound dehisced. This means that

there is partial or complete wound separation.

11

A patient is on postoperative day 2 after a nephrectomy. The nurse is aware that the most effective way to increase her peristalsis is

ambulation.

12

A patient is transferred from the operating room to the recovery room after undergoing an open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of his left ankle. Which is the first assessment to make?

Check airway for patency.

13

Frequent assessment of a postoperative patient is essential. One of the first signs and symptoms of hemorrhage may be

restlessness.

14

Frequent monitoring of the postoperative patient’s vital signs assesses which body system?

Cardiovascular

15

Decreased activity in an obese surgical patient predisposes the patient to which complication?

Hypoventilation

16

The nurse acknowledges that all preoperative nursing interventions have been performed by signing which document?

Preoperative checklist

17

Which nursing interventions would be appropriate after a wound evisceration?

Apply a warm, moist normal saline sterile dressing.

18

When should the nurse offer prescribed analgesics to a patient who is 24 hours postoperative?

Regularly every three to four hours before pain gets severe.

19

What nursing interventions will minimize the effects of venous stasis?

Early ambulation

20

Serum potassium levels are usually determined before surgery to

prevent dysrhythmias related to anesthesia.

21

The nurse is assisting with the sponge and instrument count in the operating room. The operative phase in which the nurse is assisting is called the

intraoperative phase.

22

Which early postoperative observation is abnormal and should be reported immediately?

Emesis that is red

23

Sudden chest pain combined with dyspnea, cyanosis, and tachycardia is an indication of

pulmonary embolus.

24

An appendectomy during a hysterectomy would be classified as

minor, elective, ablative.

25

Which patients would be at greatest risk during surgery?

27-year-old taking an anticoagulant agent

26

A patient will have an incision in the lower left abdomen. Which intervention by the nurse will help decrease discomfort in the incisional area when she coughs postoperatively?

Apply a splint directly over the lower abdomen.

27

Although informed about the proposed surgical procedure, the patient has only vague responses about the postoperative period. A nursing diagnosis at this time would be

Deficient knowledge, postoperative

28

A patient and a nurse develop a preoperative teaching plan. In teaching the patient to cough effectively after surgery, the nurse should tell her to practice

taking three deep breaths and coughing from the chest.

29

What is the responsibility of the nurse regarding informed consent?

Obtain the patient’s signature.

30

On the patient’s return to the medical-surgical unit, the nurse performs an abdominal assessment. To assess bowel sounds, the nurse auscultates the lower abdomen for

1 minute.