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B - General Commercial > Carpentry and Building Construction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Carpentry and Building Construction Deck (8)
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1

Grade

Refers to the level of the ground where it will meet the foundation

2

Batter board

Fastened horizontally to stakes placed to the outside of where the corners of the building will be located

3

Differential leveling

The process of determining differences in elevation between points that are remote from each other

4

Typical distance from the top of a foundation to the grade is?

8”

5

Wall Studs

Lumber that function as a framing element for a structure; they support walls. Typically spaced either at 12", 16" 24" and 28" on-center when measured from ctr. to ctr. along the wall and run between the top plate and the sole plate.

6

Framing Members Formula

Length'/Spacing' + 1 = Framing Members

7

Floor Joists

Typically spaced 16 inches apart on center. This means from the center of one upright joist to the center of the next joist, accounting for 2" x 8"s being 1-3/4" wide, there are 14-1/4" between each joist.

8

Rafters

Typically spaced 12", 16" and 24" apart on center. The measurement is taken from the center of the horizontal surface to the center of the next rafter.