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Flashcards in Case Studies Deck (22):
1

Nayar Tribe of South India (1792)

Studied by Kathleen Gough, 1959

Women take around 12 Sandbanham (warrior) husbands

Husband has no responsibility of the children

2

How does the Nayar Tribe challenge Murdock's universal form of family?

No marriage as understood in Western world

Biological parents not one unit

3

Oneida Community, New York, 1848

Formed by John Humphrey Noyes

Men and postmenopausal women partnered for sex

People were allowed to breed with committee's permission

Children raised by the community

4

How did the Oneida Community challenge Murdock's universal form of family?

Reproduction outside of a socially approved sexual relationship

5

The Russian Experiment, after 1917 revolution

Socialists destroy nuclear family as it is the root of capitalism

Marriage and divorce were abolished

Children became emotionally disturbed as their parents had several partners

6

How did The Russian Experiement challenge Murdock's universal form of family?

Not always 2 parents socialising the children

COUNTER - absence of nuclear family disturbed the children

7

Murdock‘s views on the family

Functions: sex drive, reproduction, economic needs, socialisation

Nuclear family is universal

8

Parsons’ views on the family

Functions: socialisation, support (warm bath)

Functional fit for industrial society = nuclear family

9

Gough’s findings on the family

Nayar tribe

12 Sandbanaham husbands

Biological father has no fiscal responsibility

10

Sheeran’s findings on the family

Female Carer-Core

This unit is more common than any family type

11

Anderson’s findings on the family

Industrialisation strengthened kinship

Preston 1851: 23% of families were extended

12

Laslett’s findings on the family

Only 10% of pre-industrial families were extended

Looked at Parish records

13

Chester’s findings on the family

Neo-conventional family - the aspiration

Dual wage earning has led to more symmetry

14

Young and Willmott’s findings on the family

Bethnal Green 1957

The family is now much more symmetrical

Family diversity is evolution not revolution

15

Engels’ views on the family

1884 - women are a reserve labour force

16

Benston’s views on the family

Domestic labour is unvalued - 1969

17

Ansley’s views on the family

“Takers of shit”, 1972

18

Delphy and Leonard’s views on the family

1992

Families benefit men - ensuring his children are his

They reduce women’s opportunities

19

Purdy’s ideas about the family

Baby strike - 1997

20

Barrett and McIntosh’s ideas on the family

There should be no family ideology because that takes away choice

21

Calhoun’s findings on the family

Gay and Lesbian families have greater equality as they choose their own roles

22

Nicholson

“Difference feminism”