Theories of the Family 01 Flashcards Preview

Sociology (Family and Households) > Theories of the Family 01 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theories of the Family 01 Deck (16):
1

What does it mean to say the family is a lynchpin?

It is the lynchpin of society

If it fails, society fails

2

What is the consensus perspective and who supports it?

Functionalists

Society is based on interrelated units with shared norms

3

What is the organ analogy?

Different units of society uphold the functionality of society like organs in a body

4

What are George Murdock's 4 main functions of the family?

Sexual satisfaction

Reproduction

Socialisation

Meeting economic needs

5

What is the main Marxist belief about the family?

The family exists to serve capitalism

The proletariat are exploited

6

What is the mean Feminist belief about the family?

The family exists to serve the patriarchy

Women are exploited

7

What is Parson's theory of Functional Fit (1955)?

The family's functions adapt to suit society

8

What are the functions of the nuclear family (Parsons 1955)?

Socialisation

Stabilisation of adult personalities

9

How was the extended family a functional fit for pre-industrial society?

People lived and worked from home - large workforce

Elders taught the children

One member could care for ill/young

10

Why is the nuclear family a functional fit for industrial society?

Geographically mobile

The state has taken over education and healthcare

11

What are some criticisms of Parsons' functional fit?

Rose tinted - ignores male dominance, child and domestic abuse

Ignores family diversity

Functionalist view is inherently patriarchal

12

What is surplus value?

Profit - how the bourgeoise get richer than the proletariat

13

What do Marxists define as a capitalist society?

Divided into proletariat and bourgeoisie

Free market

Private property

14

What does Marx believe are the three main functions of the family and how do these relate to capitalism?

Inheritance of property - led to patriarchy and monogamy (sons inherit property)

Ideological function - socialised into hierarchy

Unit of consumption - the family consumes as a unit and is encouraged to compete

15

What did Eli Zaretsky say about the functions of the family?

The family is a haven from capitalism and stops workers from rebelling

16

What are some criticisms of the Marxist view of the family?

Ignores family diversity

Feminists: ignores the benefit to the patriarchy

Functionalists: too critical, ignores the benefits of families