Cats 2 Flashcards Preview

Animal Husbandry Block 2 > Cats 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cats 2 Deck (76):
1

What can spaying / neutering do

Inexpensive, spays are low risk
Reduces breast cancer and cystic ovaries

2

How does stimulation happen in cats

Cat penis
Has barb like bumps on penis like tongue

3

How many eggs are released

Usually 4 eggs are released but up to 14 possible

4

How many eggs are most commonly released

4-6

5

When do cats stop having sex

After they ovulate

6

Where does fertilization happen

In the Fallopian tubes

7

What does superfecundity mean

Multiple male fathers per liter

8

When is spaying / neutering done

Usually around 6 months
Can be done as early as 8 weeks in shelters

9

What is neutersol

Injection right into the testes
Prevents sperm production- more common in males

10

How many liters per year is possible in cats

3 per year

11

Gestation time

Amount of time between conception and birth
65 days

12

Why book prenatal appointment

No early pregnancy test. You can do ultra sound as early as 15 days

13

When can you start palpating cat stomach when cat is pregnant and feel something g

20-30 days

14

When do you do X-ray's during pregnancy and why

43 days
Mammary glands get larger
Bones of kittens calcify so you can see them

15

Where should kittens be delivered and what set up

Best to deliver at home where cat is comfortable
No drafts, box for giving birth, blankets, comfortable

16

Can cats have morning sickness

Yes

17

How long does it take to deliver babies

2-6 hours

18

What should the queen be doing in the first stages of labour

Try to make sure she is moving around

19

What happens with placenta

It's expelled and may be eaten

20

What do you do if a kitten gets stuck

Lubricate canal with jelly
Call vet

21

What happens if cat is in canal too long

There could be damage to kitten

22

What does an oxytocin injection do

Stimulates contractions

23

Why would you monitor temperature during pregnancy

To monitor for infection

24

What does a brown pussycat discharge mean

Retained placenta

25

How much do you feed the queen while she is great feeding

Free feed cat

26

When to call vet

60 min of intense straining with no kitten
10 minutes of intense labour with kitten in birth canal
10 minutes of fresh bleeding during or after kitten
Distress in queen, sudden lethargy/weakness/high/low temp
Labour stops plus signs of weakness, anxiety, restlessness, fatigue
More than 3 hours between kittens

27

Most common reason to call vet

Labour stops plus signs of weakness, anxiety, restlessness, fatigue

28

Treatments of cat

Oxytocin injections (stimulates contractions)
Surgery (c-section)
Calcium injections (when cats low on calcium, muscle spasm)

29

What problems can queen have after birth

Retained placenta/kitten
Hemorrhage
Infection
Rejection
Abandonment
Hypothermia
Mastitis

30

What to do if problems after birth

Take kittens off mom and bring into vet clinic

31

How do you find hemorrhage

Look at gums, may look pale

32

What to check for after queen gives birth

Make sure she is eating

33

Eclampsia

Low calcium
Milk fever can lead to low calcium and muscle spasms

34

Treatment of eclampsia

Calcium injections

35

What can happen if eclampsia isn't treated

Queen can die within 12 hours. It's a emergency

36

Is cannibalism possible

Yes

37

Kitten eyes

Born with blue eyes/eyes closed
Open on day 8
Completely open on day 14

38

When do kitten retinas fully develop

5 weeks old

39

Ear canals in kittens

Fully closed when born
Open in 5-8 days
Fully open at 14 days

40

When do ears erect

3 weeks

41

How can you determine sex after birth

Lift tail
Females have slit, males have hole
Cats testes can't be felt before 6 weeks

42

Kitten teeth

Born without teeth
Start erupting at 2 weeks

43

When do cats start hearing/seeing well

25 days

44

When do they crawl

18 days

45

When do they stand

21 days

46

Fully eliminate and using liter

4 weeks

47

When to start socializing

6 weeks

48

*when to tell if cat is feral or not

3-9 weeks

49

When to deworm

As early as 2 weeks
Every 2 weeks before vaccination

50

Vaccinate

6-8 weeks
Every 4 weeks for 3 sets

51

Colostrum

Antibodies from mom before they get vaccinated
Make sure kittens are nursing

52

Weening

Start weening at 3-4 weeks
Some cats ween kittens on their own and some nurse up to 6-10 weeks

53

How many times a day do you feed kittens and with what after they have been weened

3-4 times a day
Wet food and dry food

54

Tips when bottle feeding

Make sure babies aren't getting bubbles
Takes 2 minutes or so for babies to nurse

55

What happens when under feeding while bottle feeding

Dehydration
May not gain weight

56

Why do you want to warm up milk to body temperature

Chilling is the worst thing for a kitten
Try to get heating blanket

57

Best time to get kitten

12 weeks old
Most adopted by 8 weeks old

58

What to look for when picking up kitten

Make sure they look healthy
Not undernourished
Playful

59

Problem with white hair/blue eyed kittens

More likely to be deaf

60

How much should a kitten weigh at 10 weeks

2 pounds

61

Training/handling kitten

Handle daily
Train at younger age

62

Training cat tips

Don't respond to authority
Can be trained with treats

63

Human cat bond and separation anxiety

Part of the family
Owners / cats can be anxious when separated

64

What can you do to prevent medical problems

Proper diet
Teeth brushing
Exercise

65

How long do indoor cats live

15 years

66

How long do outdoor cats live

6 years

67

When are cats considered senior

Older than 7

68

Age related problems

Always monitor weight gain

69

How many vaccinations needed per year when older

Once per year

70

What to watch for when older

Yearly blood work
Thyroid conditions
Teeth
Energy levels
Mobility issues (arthritis)

71

Senior problems

Kidney disease
Diabetes
Constipation
Dental problems
Urinary crystals
Hyperthyroid
Cognitive dysfunction
Cancer

72

What happens as cats age

Less active
Coat gets thinner
Can't groom themselves as well
Oily
Loose interest in food/more picky
Less tolerant to heat/cold
Cranky

73

Other problems

May cry when lost in house
Hate kittens

74

Euthanasia

Over does of anesthetic

75

Mastitis

Inflammation of mammary gland in breast

76

Metritis

Inflammation of uterus