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Animal Husbandry Block 2 > Cats And Ferrets > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cats And Ferrets Deck (110):
1

Pure Bred Breeds

A cat whose ancestors are all the same Breed

2

Mixed

A cat whose ancestors are different breeds

3

Hoe many cats are recognized by the CFA

Over 40

4

How many cats are recognized by other groups

30 or more aside from the 40 recognized by CFA

5

Which cats are not recognized by CFA

Bengal and Himalayan

6

Why are certain cats not recognized by CFA

Still considered to have wild blood

7

10 most common breeds of cats

Persian
Maine Coon
Exotic
Siamese
Abyssinian
Ragdoll
Birman
American Shorthair
Oriental
Sphynx

8

Bengal

Not recognized by CFA
4 generations until they are considered suitable for household (F4/F5)
Very active, intelligent
Domestic cat with Asian leopard (wild cat)

9

Himalayan

Not recognized by CFA
Subdivision of Persian
Pointed colour, blue eyes
Siamese crossed with Persian

10

Where are Persian cats from?

From Persia / Iran

11

How long is a Persian cats hair

Long

12

How often do you need to groom a Persians hair coat

Daily

13

Problems in Persian

Brachycephalic

14

Persian temperament

Sweet /Gentle

15

Where are Siamese cats from

Thailand

16

Siamese temperament

Vocal
Affectionate
Intelligent

17

How long is Siamese hairs

Short hair

18

Colors on Siamese

Point

19

Interesting fact about Abyssinian Cats

They are one of the oldest cat breeds

20

Where are Abyssinian cats from

Egypt

21

Temperament of Abyssinian

Loyal/intelligent

22

Hair length of Abyssinian

Short hair

23

Birman

Medium sized, sturdy cat
No undercoat

24

Birman grooming

Minimal

25

Birman temperament

Social
Playful
Quiet

26

Sphynx

Hairless
Born as mutation in 1966 to DSH

27

Grooming of sphynx

They need baths.

28

Sphynx temperament

Lots of energy
Mischevious
Intelligent

29

Manx

Genetic mutation
Short/no tail

30

Manx build

Robust, round kitten
Rump higher than shoulders

31

Exotic

Like a Persian
Except with short dense plush hair coat
Similar personality to Persians
"Lazy mans Persian"

32

Diluted tortoiseshell

Black (brown/Grey)
Red(cream/orange)

33

Solid

All one colour

34

Ragdoll cat

Large
Laid back
Semi-longed haired
Blue eyes
Pointed breed

35

Ragdoll with other cats

More interested in humans than other cats

36

Ragdoll temperament and orgin

Gentle , playful
Breeder in California

37

American Shorthair

Easy going, affectionate
Good with people/pets

38

American Shorthair orgin

Originated from cats following settlers from Europe to north America

39

Oriental

Foundation of the Siamese breed
Curious, intelligent, playful

40

Cornish Rex

Curly, very short hair coat
Bat like ears
Angular face
Bridged nose

41

Cornish Rex temperament

Very active
People oriented

42

Devin Rex (king)

Over sized ears, face more rounded
Curly to very short coat "suede like"

43

Devin Rex temperament

Food hounds
LOVE people

44

Scottish Fold

Ears that fold forward and down to the head
Genetic mutation
Medium sized
Sturdy cats, short hair

45

Other facts about folds in Scottish folds

May not have folds
Skeletal formations are horn ozy gous recessive

46

Scottish fold temperament

Quiet
Undemanding

47

Manx

Genetic mutation
Short or no tail
Robust, round cat with rump higher than shoulders

48

What else can Manx have

Skeletal formations

49

Russian Blue

Short hair
Silver - blue coat
Green eyes
Medium sized

50

Russian blue personality

Shy with strangers
Intelligent
Quiet except for meal times

51

DSH

Short hair overall
American short hair

52

DMH

Long tail hair, slightly shorter body hair
Bengal
Abyssinian

53

DLH

Not many, long hair overall, recessive gene
Prone to matting so need lots of grooming
Persian
Maine Coon
Ragdoll

54

House cat

Domestic cat
Especially one kept as a household pet

55

Domestic cat

Any cat that has been tamed and made fit for human environment

56

Alley Cat

A cat that lives wild in a town

57

Moggie

One that does not have a pedigree (record of descent of an animal)
Unremarkable

58

Hemingway

Considered domestic cat
Confused as a breed
Can't be registered

59

How the hemington cat got its name

Poly dactyl cat given to hemington
Usually 6 toes or more
Believed to be good luck
"Mitten cats"

60

Three basic cat colours

Black
Red
White

61

What can the colour red also be called?

Orange
Ginger
Marmalade

62

What do black and red become when diluted

Orange/Red = cream
Black = Grey

63

Tabby Cat

Stripes
Grey (diluted black)
Black
Brown
Orange/Red
Cream(diluted red)
Silver -very common

64

Tuxedo cat

Black and white
White usually feet and chest/belly

65

Pointed cats

Cats with dark extremities
(Face, ears, tail, feet, legs)

66

What is the body colour on pointed cats associated with

Temperature
Outside cats tend to get darker colours

67

Colours of pointed

Seal point (Grey/brown)
Chocolate point (cream /brown)

68

Pointed cat breeds

Himalayan
Siamese
Ragdoll

69

Bi colours

50/50
Usually black and white

70

Tortoiseshell

Not a breed
Usually a combination of black/red
Predominantly female

71

Calico

Pre dominantly white
With patches of two other colours
Orange/black

72

Why are tortoiseshells and calico predominantly female

The gene that codes for coloration is found on the x chromosome
X chromosome determine black or orange

73

Pros of kittens

Easier to bring home (especially with other cats)
Less health issues

74

Cons of kittens

Not great for children to handle
Super high energy, fragile

75

Pros of adult cats

Lots at rescues
Usually spayed/neutered and microchipped
Usually liter trained
Giving an adult cat a second chance

76

Cons of adult cats

Miss the kitten phase
May have more health problems
Harder to adjust to New environments
Sometimes not great to be introduced with other animals

77

Pros of mixed breeds

Often can be healthier
More need homes in shelters
Not supporting breeders
More affordable

78

Pure bred

You can usually get to know family
Research on breeds
Fancy cats
However, more likely to inherit recessive genes

79

Cattery pros

Have all needs met for cat while you are away

80

Cattery cons

Hard for cat to adjust
Don't know whose watching
May get sick from other cats

81

Rescue pros

Giving a cat a second chance
Not supporting breeders
Cheaper
May be already liter trained if older cat

82

Rescue cons

Probably don't know dogs history
May not know breed
May have behavioural problems

83

Home breeder pros

You get to know the breeds history
Generally a Safe/stimulating environment
Generally socialized
Good advice from breeders

84

Home breeder cons

Expensive
Have to find a reputable breeder
Sometimes long waiting list

85

Pet store cons

Sometimes scam
May not be breed as advertised
Puppy mills
Behavioural problems

86

Pet store pros

Convenience

87

Kijiji pros

Convenience, inexpensive

88

Kijiji cons

Sometimes stolen animals,
Don't know breeds sometimes
Don't often get to know owner

89

Resources available to owners

Veterinarians
Websites -CFA
Breeders
Calgary humane society
Pet stores

90

Selective breeding

Breeders do genetic tests on cats to see if they have any genetic faults
Also look at physical appearance, any issues with pregnancy
Then they breed the healthier offspring to ensure healthier liters

91

Genetic testing for cats

Dna tests
Polysistic kidney disease
Metabolic defects
Spinal muscular atrophy
Cardiac disease
Hip dysplasia

92

Breed spinal muscular atrophy common in

Maine Coons

93

Breeds cardiac disease common in

Bengals
Persian
Rag doll

94

Breeds hip dysplasia common in

Maine Coon
Persian
Siamese

95

Pro estrous

1-2 days
Period of time before mating occurs

96

Estrous (4-10days)

Heat

97

What does estrus go into

Interestrous
Or
Anestrus

98

Interestrous

No more mating

99

Anestrus

Reproductive rest
(Nov - Feb)

100

What happens after anestrus

Pro estrous starts again

101

What happens after inestrous

Pseudo pregnancy
Pregnancy
Or
Not pregnant

102

How long does pseudo pregnancy last

36 days

103

How long does pregnancy last

63 days plus or minus 2 days

104

What happens after either one of the three pregnancies

Pro estrous starts again

105

Mating behaviour beginning

Queen gets familiar with Tom when ready to mate. They will start grooming/licking each other until aroused

106

How will they position themselves

Queen crouches down and raise back of body
Tom holds onto queens neck and is on top of queen until he ejaculates

107

Why can mating become violent

If queen is not ready to be mounted

108

Pseuodopregnancy

False pregnancy
Usually due to hormonal imbalance

109

Unwanted pregnancy

When owner doesn't spay and she manages to get out and pregnant.

110

Prevention of pregnancy

Spaying / neutering
Keeping cat indoors / not around other cats
Ensuring you watch that the cat doesn't get out when you open front door