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Flashcards in Cattle Deck (15):
1

Lameness

Extremes of energy imbalance
Costs money

2

Other compromises of welfare

Cow calf relationship
Housing

3

Types of housing patterns

Zero grazing
Winter housing
Grazing only

4

Winter housing system

Calf at start or middle of housing period
Peak lactation over winter so graze at low lactation

5

When winter housing goes off

Calf at end of housing period
Peak yield in summer so reduced grazing as need more E

6

Group size issues

Incr
How many can cow recognise
Aggression
Reduce milk yield
Synchronous (eat) so if kit enough spaces

7

Cow comfort impact

Lies for 10hr
Lying Good for milk production
Synchronous so lie at the same time
Lying due to lameness

8

Types of housing

Cubicles
Straw yards
Fields

9

Calves taken from mother at what age

12-24hr

10

Affects on cow and calf

Cow reduced maternal behaviour stressful
Calf reduced social interaction, hard to learn adult behaviour like grazing stressful

11

Types of calf feeding

Buckets
Why'd ale/ teat bucket

12

Weaning age

8wk

13

Beef weaning

6mnth

14

Natural weaning

11-12mnth

15

Mastitis

Infectious or trauma to twats
Costs money