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Flashcards in Intro Deck (30):
1

What is animal welfare not

Animal rights
Animal health

2

What is animal welfare

Animal is healthy and has what they want. Feel good about their environment
Quality of life scale where euthanasia is neutral

3

How measure welfare

Immunology
Production measures
Health
Physiology
Behaviour

4

How to measure production

Growth
Fertility
Fat &a protein
Milk yield

5

Immunology measures

Immunity
Blood sampling

6

Health measures

Symptoms
Injury
Healed injuries
Health records

7

Physiology measures

All others (except behaviour?) all physiological
Body temp
Brain/neurotransmitter
HPA
SA

8

Measuring the SA axis

Heart rate
Adrenaline
Adrenal medulla pathology
Activation of brain regions

9

Key HPA chemical released

Cortisol

10

Measure cortisol

Blood plasma
Saliva
Urine
Milk
Faeces
Hair/will/ fur

11

Why are home pen observations good

Watch behaviour without influencing
Can do live or video
Can allow to change enviro and measure diff

12

How do you measure behaviour

Ethogram

13

What is the assumption with preference testing

Approach/avoidance reflect the animals feelings

14

Problems with preference testing

Previous experience affects preference
Choice between two evils or luxuries?

15

How to adapt preference test

Increase price of the luxury, how far will they go for it

16

Qualitative assessments

Trusting your eyes
Assume the behaviour expression reflects the feelings
Can be anthropomorphic

17

Cognitive bias

Training to recognise -ve or +ve stimulus with neutral signal , see the diff groups response to signals

18

5 freedoms

From thirst &a hunger
From discomfort
From pain injury, etc
To express normal behaviour
From fear and distress
(Also companion ship yes/no)

19

Why is animal welfare important

Animal physical & mental health
Int tourism
Caring society
Protect market access
Economics
Food security
Improve PH & high quality animal science

20

Key challenge to welfare

Incr food demand as population grows (double in 45 yrs)

21

What is incr in India

Egg and broiler meat production but poor efficiency of dairy farms

22

Largest egg producer in the world

China

23

Biggest pork producer in the world

China

24

What are the consumers concerns

Enviro protection
Animal health and welfare
Food security
Food safety

25

How does incr animal welfare impact is

Animal welfare, incr animal health, incr human health

26

Problems of chronic stress

More prone to ID
Shedding more bacteria
Incr antibiotic use

27

Who has the animal welfare leader ship role

WHO

28

Limitations of the 5 freedoms

Provide only basic req
Difficult to achieve all in most systems
Focus on -ve aspects mainly

29

Concepts contributing to animal welfare

Physical
Mental
Naturalness

30

Main animal welfare issues

Enviro
Transport issues
Feeding regimes
Handling/stress
Management
Social
Health management
Pain management