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Flashcards in Caudata Deck (35):
1

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Plethodontidae

Typhlomolge rathbuni

  • Black dots as eyes; no pigmentation
  •  Limited to caves in Texas

2

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Ambystomatidae

Dicamptodon ensatus

  • Pacific Northwest (including northwestern California)

3


 

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Sirenidae

Siren lacertina

  •  Eastern Seaboard, Florida Peninsula
  • robust, dark, 4 toes
  • No hind legs

4

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon yonahlosee

  • dorsum lighter than head; sides white/light; 0-1 grooves between adpressed limbs
  • Appalachian Mountains

5

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon glutinosus

  • dark bodies with dark chin & venter; white flecks on dorsum, maybe extending to sides
  •  Eastern North America (east of Great Plains)

6

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Proteidae

Necturus maculosus

  •  Weak grooves
  • Gills
  •  Dark spots
  • 4 toes on hind limbs
  •  Midwest, Appalachians
  • sometimes confused with larval ambystomatids, but note indistinct costal grooves

7

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon cinereas

  • similar to P. vehiculum; 17-22 costal grooves
  •  Northeastern United States (Midwest, Appalachians, northeastern seaboard)

8

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Plethodontidae

Eurycea longicauda

  • long tail
  •  Appalachian Mountains
  • Like plethodon but smaller, thin-bodied

9

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon vehiculum

  • red stripe extends to tip of tail, 15-17 costal grooves
  •  Pacific Northwest

10

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Plethodontidae

Ensatina eschscholtzii

  • no banding
  •  California Floristic Province
  • basal constriction at tail

11

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Sirenidae

 Siren intermedia

  •  Florida, Gulf Coast, Eastern Seaboard, Mississippi River basin
  • robust, dark, 4 toes
  • No hind Legs

12

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Amphiumidae

Amphiuma tridactylum

  •  4 small limbs, 3 toes per limb
  •  Gulf Coast/Mississippi River region

13

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Plethodontidae

Pseudotriton ruber

  • black spots in “orange-red” background
  •  Eastern U.S. (mostly east of Mississippi River, except Florida)

14

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Plethodontidae

Ensatina klauberi

  • orange/black banding
  •  Southern California Floristic Province – northern peninsular ranges, eastern transverse ranges)
  • basal constriction at tail

15

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon jordani

  • venter distinctly lighter than dorsum; 2-3 costal grooves between adpressed limbs
  •  Appalachian Mountains

16

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Ambystomatidae

Ambystoma gracile

  •  prominent paratoids
  • Pacific Northwest, including northwestern California

17

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Plethodontidae

Batrachoseps

  • elongate, thin, tiny legs, 4 digits on hindlimbs
  •  California Floristic Province

18

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Sirenidae

Pseudobranchus

  • “gracile”, lighter stripes, 3 toes
  •   Florida Peninsula
  • No hind legs

 

19

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Proteidae

Necturus maculosus

  • Weak grooves
  • Gills
  • Dark spots
  • 4 toes on hind limbs
  • Midwest, Appalachians
  • sometimes confused with larval ambystomatids, but note indistinct costal grooves

20

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Plethodontidae

Stereochilus marginatus

  • stripes/lines
  •  Eastern seaboard

21

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Sirenidae

Siren lacertina

  • Eastern Seaboard, Florida Peninsula
  • robust, dark, 4 toes
  • No hind legs

22

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Plethodontidae

Eurycea bislineata

  •  2 lines
  • Eastern U.S. (mostly east of Mississippi River, except Florida)
  • Like plethodon but smaller, thin-bodied

23

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Ambystomatidae

Ambystoma maculatum

  •  dark body with yellow/orange spots
  •  Eastern North America, except Florida (east of Great Plains)

24


 

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Sirenidae

Siren lacertina

  •  Eastern Seaboard, Florida Peninsula
  • robust, dark, 4 toes
  • No hind legs

25

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Plethodontidae

Desmognathus sp.

  •  thick neck, white patch between eyes and lips, shovel-shaped snout
  •  Appalachians, Eastern Seaboard, Florida, Gulf Coast

26

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon dunni

  • red stripe terminates well before tip of tail
  •  Pacific Northwest

27

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Ambystomatidae

Ambystoma texanum

  • “short” snout, 13+ costal grooves
  •  Eastern North America around Mississippi River drainage (east of Great Plains, west of Appalachians)

28

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Plethodontidae

Eurycea guttolineata

  •  three lines
  •  Southeastern U.S. (Gulf Coast, Eastern Seaboard)
  • like plethodon but smaller, thin-bodied

29


 

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cryptobranchidae

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis
• Appalachian Mountains

30

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Salamandridae

Taricha

  •  slightly broader head; sometimes bumpy skin, except during breeding
  •  Western North American (California Floristic Province and Pacific NW)
  • No grooves

31

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Plethodontidae

Aneides lugubris

  •  trips of digits truncated or squared
  •  California Floristic Province

32

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Ambystomatidae

Ambystoma opacum

  •  white/grayish dorsal bands
  •  Eastern North America (east of Great Plains) except Florida and Appalachian Mountains

33

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Ambystomatidae

Ambystoma jeffersonium

  •  ~12 costal grooves. “larger” snout
  • Northeastern U.S. (Midwest, northeast Appalachians, northeastern seaboard)

34

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Salamandridae

Notophthalmus

  •  parallel cranial crests
  •  Eastern North America (east of Great Plains)
  • No grooves

35

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Plethodontidae

Plethodon glutinosus

  • dark bodies with dark chin & venter; white flecks on dorsum, maybe extending to sides
  •  Eastern North America (east of Great Plains)