Causes & Results Of American Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Causes & Results Of American Revolution Deck (55):
1

Unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the Seven Year war .....

Was fought initially in North America

2

The long range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to....

Achieve colonial unity and common defense from the French threat

3

Because of the Seven Year War, Great Britain......

Became the dominant power in North America

4

What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?

Prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mts

5

What is Mercantilism?

The belief that The colonies should serve the mother countries need

6

What was the most respected profession in the 18th century?

Clergy

7

What were the Molasses Act? When were they pass?

British attempt to limit colonial trade with French West Indies, 1773

8

What was Britain first attempt to control the English Colonies?

Molasses Act

9

What are Taverns?

Bars that were a hotspot during the revolution for rumors, politics, talks, news

10

Where was the Church of England(Anglican)?

In the South, New York

11

Where was the Congregationalist Church? Who were they?

New England, Puritains

12

Who is Jonathan Edward?

A preacher during the First Great Awakening

13

Who is Gorge Whitefield?

A preacher during the First Great Awakening

14

What is the Old Lights?

Old style of religion

15

What is the New Lights?

New style of Religion during the Great Awakening

16

What was the first non-denominational school?

University of Pennyslyvania

17

Who founded the University of Pennyslyvania?

Ben Franklin

18

Who is known as the first civilized American (Renaissance Man)?

Ben Franklin

19

Who wrote the Poor Richard's Almanack?

Ben Franklin

20

What established freedom of speech?

John Pete Zenger Case

21

The French and Indian War was fought over?

Ohio River Valley

22

What was different about the French and Indian War?

It was started in North America and lead to a war in Europe

23

What was the Albany Congress of 1754 an example of?

Colonial Unity

24

When was Pontiac's Uprising?

1763

25

What did Pontiac's Uprising in 1763 show?

Troops are needed out in the frontier

26

What resulted from the Proclamation of 1763?

Colonist felt cheated by the British because the only reason they joined the French and Indian War was to head out to the frontier

27

What was prohibited in the Proclamation of 1763?

For colonies to expand pass west of the Appalachian Mountains

28

What is Salutary Neglect?

As long as England was making $ they left the colonies alone, which made the colonies expect self-ruling

29

What is mercantilism?

The power of a country can be measure by its wealth in gold and silver

30

What were some economical impacts of the French and Indian War?

England was left with 140pound debt and half was spent to protect N. America

31

What was the Sugar Act of 1764?

A Duty/Tariff on Sugar

32

What was the Quartering Act of 1765?

Colonies were force to house British Soldiers

33

What was the first direct tax on colonist?

The Stamp Act

34

What was the Stamp Act?

A direct tax on documents

35

When were the Stamp Acts pass?

1765

36

What were the Admiralty Courts?

Violators of the stamp acts were prosecuted here with no jury just a judge who had all the power

37

What did the Admiralty Courts violate?

The rights of an Englishmen

38

What formed because of the Stamp Act?

Stamp Act Congress

39

Who formed the Stamp Act Congress?

27 delegates from 9 colonies

40

What did the Stamp Act Congress call for?

A NonImportation Agreement (Boycott) of British goods

41

The Stamp Act Congress was an example of?

Inter-Colonial unity

42

Was the non-importation agreement effective?

Yes because Britain's economy relied on the colonies buying/exporting

43

Who were the Sons and Daughters of Liberty?

People who enforced the non-importation agreement and would punish anyone who violated it

44

When was the Stamp Act repeal?

1766 without collecting any taxes

45

What was the Declaractory Act and who passed it?

If the British Parliament passed a law the colonist must obey, British Parliament

46

What were the Townshend Acts and when were they pass?

Light duty (indirect tax) on glass paint paper and tea, passed in 1767 by Parliament

47

Why was the New York assembly suspended in 1767

Because they failed to follow the Quartering Act

48

When was the Boston Massacre?

March 5, 1770

49

What was the Boston Massacre?

A massacre when 60 townspeople attacked ten redcoats, who then open fired on the civilians killing/wounding 11 of them

50

What were the results of the Townshend Acts?

Not much revenue produce
Colonist resentment increased
They were repealed by Lord North, except on tea

51

Who was Samuel Adams?

An engineer of rebellion who organized a committee of correspondence

52

What was a committee of correspondence?

A place where information could be share ,through letters eventually in 1773, became essential for the Revolution

53

What did the British East India Co received?

A colonial tea monopoly

54

When was the Boston Tea Party?

December 16 1773

55

How did Britain respond to the Boston Tea Party?

Passed the Intolerable Acts, Boston Port Act, and the Quebec Act