Flashcards in Causes & Results Of American Revolution Deck (55):
Unlike the first three Anglo-French wars, the Seven Year war .....
Was fought initially in North America
The long range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to....
Achieve colonial unity and common defense from the French threat
Because of the Seven Year War, Great Britain......
Became the dominant power in North America
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
Prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mts
What is Mercantilism?
The belief that The colonies should serve the mother countries need
What was the most respected profession in the 18th century?
What were the Molasses Act? When were they pass?
British attempt to limit colonial trade with French West Indies, 1773
What was Britain first attempt to control the English Colonies?
What are Taverns?
Bars that were a hotspot during the revolution for rumors, politics, talks, news
Where was the Church of England(Anglican)?
In the South, New York
Where was the Congregationalist Church? Who were they?
New England, Puritains
Who is Jonathan Edward?
A preacher during the First Great Awakening
Who is Gorge Whitefield?
A preacher during the First Great Awakening
What is the Old Lights?
Old style of religion
What is the New Lights?
New style of Religion during the Great Awakening
What was the first non-denominational school?
University of Pennyslyvania
Who founded the University of Pennyslyvania?
Who is known as the first civilized American (Renaissance Man)?
Who wrote the Poor Richard's Almanack?
What established freedom of speech?
John Pete Zenger Case
The French and Indian War was fought over?
Ohio River Valley
What was different about the French and Indian War?
It was started in North America and lead to a war in Europe
What was the Albany Congress of 1754 an example of?
When was Pontiac's Uprising?
What did Pontiac's Uprising in 1763 show?
Troops are needed out in the frontier
What resulted from the Proclamation of 1763?
Colonist felt cheated by the British because the only reason they joined the French and Indian War was to head out to the frontier
What was prohibited in the Proclamation of 1763?
For colonies to expand pass west of the Appalachian Mountains
What is Salutary Neglect?
As long as England was making $ they left the colonies alone, which made the colonies expect self-ruling
What is mercantilism?
The power of a country can be measure by its wealth in gold and silver
What were some economical impacts of the French and Indian War?
England was left with 140pound debt and half was spent to protect N. America
What was the Sugar Act of 1764?
A Duty/Tariff on Sugar
What was the Quartering Act of 1765?
Colonies were force to house British Soldiers
What was the first direct tax on colonist?
The Stamp Act
What was the Stamp Act?
A direct tax on documents
When were the Stamp Acts pass?
What were the Admiralty Courts?
Violators of the stamp acts were prosecuted here with no jury just a judge who had all the power
What did the Admiralty Courts violate?
The rights of an Englishmen
What formed because of the Stamp Act?
Stamp Act Congress
Who formed the Stamp Act Congress?
27 delegates from 9 colonies
What did the Stamp Act Congress call for?
A NonImportation Agreement (Boycott) of British goods
The Stamp Act Congress was an example of?
Was the non-importation agreement effective?
Yes because Britain's economy relied on the colonies buying/exporting
Who were the Sons and Daughters of Liberty?
People who enforced the non-importation agreement and would punish anyone who violated it
When was the Stamp Act repeal?
1766 without collecting any taxes
What was the Declaractory Act and who passed it?
If the British Parliament passed a law the colonist must obey, British Parliament
What were the Townshend Acts and when were they pass?
Light duty (indirect tax) on glass paint paper and tea, passed in 1767 by Parliament
Why was the New York assembly suspended in 1767
Because they failed to follow the Quartering Act
When was the Boston Massacre?
March 5, 1770
What was the Boston Massacre?
A massacre when 60 townspeople attacked ten redcoats, who then open fired on the civilians killing/wounding 11 of them
What were the results of the Townshend Acts?
Not much revenue produce
Colonist resentment increased
They were repealed by Lord North, except on tea
Who was Samuel Adams?
An engineer of rebellion who organized a committee of correspondence
What was a committee of correspondence?
A place where information could be share ,through letters eventually in 1773, became essential for the Revolution
What did the British East India Co received?
A colonial tea monopoly
When was the Boston Tea Party?
December 16 1773