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Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (80):
1

List The Chesapeake Colonies

Georgia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Maryland
Virginia

2

List the New England Colonies

New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Connecticut
Rhode Island

3

List the Middle Colonies

New Jersey
New York
Delaware
Pennsylvania

4

Harvard College was founded in 1636 to train ministers for which of the following churches?
a. Puritan
b. Anglican
c. Presbyterian
d. Baptist

C

5

Which Crop provided the foundation for the economy of 17th century Virginia?

Tobacco

6

Representative self-government in British North America was first demonstrated in the?

Virginia House of Burgesses

7

Georgia was founded primary as a?

Buffer between Florida and the Carolina

8

Who's the father of Tobacco

John Rolfe

9

What were Problems that Indians faced during the Anglo Pow War

3Ds
Disposability
Disease
Disorganization

10

What was the Act of Toleration and where was it pass?

Guarantee toleration for all Christians and passed in Maryland

11

What was the Dominion of New England?

Imposed by London Government that install Edmund Andron as government to boost colonial defense and enforce Navigation Laws

12

What were the Navigation Laws?

Limited American trade exclusively to Britain

13

What was a commitment that the Puritans of Massachusetts Bay brought from England?

Honoring the independence of each town

14

In Puritan New England the state supported the Congregational church by all of the following means EXCEPT?
a.selecting clergymen
b.expelling dissidents
c.enforcing compulsory attendance at services
d.taxing residents to finance churches
e.establishing colleges to train ministers

A

15

The Two largest European groups of non-English who came to British America during the eighteenth century prior to the American Revoloution?

Scotch-Irish and The Germans

16

What was Anne Hutchison belief that brought her to trail by the Puritans?

The "elect" do not need to obey the laws of the colony

17

Who founded Rhode Island?

Roger William

18

What's the "Great Migration"?

Puritans escape England and go to the West Indies

19

Who said "We Shall be as a City on a Hill"?

John Winthrop

20

What were Blue Laws?

Regulations on public affections

21

What was the 1st example of a constitution?

Fundamental Orders in Connecticutt

22

What was the New England Confederation? When was it formed?

1643
Created by colonist for protection from Indians,French,Dutch
Early example of colonial unity

23

Who founded New York?

The Dutch
Dutch West Indian Co.

24

Who founded Pennsylvania?

William Penn

25

Who was the first anti-slavery society?

The Quakers of Pennsylvania

26

What is the +10/-10 concept?

Life expectancy grew in New England and lower in the Chesepeake

27

Explain the Head-right System?

If you paid for the fare of an Indenture Servant you got 50 acres of land for each

28

What resulted from the head-right system?

Big Plantations

29

When was Bacon's Rebellion?

1676

30

When was Harvard established?

1636

31

When was William & Mary established?

1693

32

What resulted because of Bacon's Rebellion?

Plantation owners looked for less trouble some labore

33

What was Bacon's Rebellion?

A rebellion of many indentured servants who were angry towards Governor Berkley

34

What was the cause of Bacon's Rebellion?

The governor incompetent to respond to Indian attacks

35

Who lead Bacon's Rebellion?

Nathaniel Bacon

36

What was the Mayflower Compact?

Simple agreement drew up by the leaders of the Mayflower in which the Majority would rule

37

What was the 1st Great Awakening?

A religious revival

38

What was the 1st American Mass Movement?

1st Great Awakening

39

When was the 1st Great Awakening?

1730's

40

When and What resulted from the John Peter Zenger Case?

1734
Establishes the basics for the freedom of the Press

41

During the 17th century the Chesapeake region population grew mostly due to?

Immigration from England

42

During the 1st half of the 17th century the Largest number of workers in the South were?

Indentured Servants

43

All of the following are traits of 17th century New England society except?
A.entire families migrated together
B.average life expectancy was less than 30yrs
C.population grew due to natural reproduction
D.early marriages led to large families

B

44

Which colony was established by James Oglethorpe?

Georgia

45

Which colony was established as a debtor colony?

Georgia

46

Which colony relied on Rice as their stable crop?

North Carolina

47

What was the purpose of the Puritan's Half-Way Conventant?

Offer church membership to people who were not yet members of the 'elect'

48

The Scots-Irish colonists were committed to which church?

The Presbyterian Church

49

What was the primary motive of those who founded Virginia?

Economic gain and riches

50

What did John Winthrop mean when he wrote that 'we shall be as a city upon a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us'?

God would reward the Puritans for building a godly society

51

What are Joint-Stock Company?

Many people invest and pool in rewards

52

First American Settlement?

1607 Jamestown

53

The guarantee that English settlers in the New World would retain the "rights of Englishmen" proved to be?

An empty promise

54

Lord De La Ware took control of Jamestown in 1610 and imposed?

Harsh military regime on the colony (Irish Tactics)

55

What Resulted of the Second Anglo Powhatan War in 1644?

An end to any chance of assimilating the native people into Virginia Society

56

African Slaves were few because?

They were too expensive and could die

57

What was a major reason for the founding of Maryland colony in 1634?

To create a refuge for the Catholics

58

What were the Barbados Slave Codes of 1661?

Rules in the West Indies that took most fundamental rights away from African Slaves

59

The colony of South Carolina prospered because?

It developed close economic ties with the British West Indies

60

What was the busiest seaport in the southern colonies?

Charleston

61

The Chesapeake colonies were all similar in the sense that?

They were all economically dependent on the export of a stable crop

62

In the Puritans doctrine the "elect" were also referred as

Visible Saints

63

The Mayflower Compact can be best described as

A promising step toward genuine self-government

64

The Historical significance of the Pilgrims of Plymouth Bay lies in their

Unique charter, which permitted self-government

65

Among the Puritans it was understood that

The purpose of government was to enforce God's Laws

66

King Philip's War resulted in

The lasting defeat of New England's Indians

67

What was the reason of the New England Confederation?

To bolster colonial defense and enforce navigation laws

68

The Chesapeake got most of their labor from

White Indentured Servants

69

Who supported Bacon's Rebellion?

Ex-Indentured Servants and young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land

70

What is the Middle Passage

The Ocean voyage for African Americans to America

71

The New England family can be best described as

A very stable instittuiotion

72

What was the leading industry in American Colonies?

Agriculture

73

Education was most promoted in?

New England

74

The fight between France and Britain for control of North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control of

The Ohio River Valley

75

Who led the "King Phillips War" in 1675?

Metacom (King Philip) Indian

76

What was said in the Antinomianism Doctirne?

If truly member of the elite then you can't change destiny

77

Who wrote the Doctrine of Predistination?

John Calvin

78

Who founded Maryland?

Lord Baltimore

79

% of people in colonial America that lived in rural area?

90%

80

Where was the concept of grandparents invented?

New England