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Flashcards in Progressivism Deck (37):
0

What is Progressivism

Reform Movement

1

What are Muckrakers

Journalist who expose problems about corruption and abusement

2

"How the other half live" by

Jacob Riss

3

Where does the Progressive Movement have their roots?

The Progressives had their roots in the Greenback Labor Party of the 1870s and 1880s and the Populist (or People's) Party of the 1890s.

4

"The Financier" and "The Titan" by

Theodore Dresser ,who also wrote "Sister Carrie", exposéd corruption of banks

5

What was the purpose of the progressive?

Use government as a tool to reform

6

"Shame of the Cities" by Lincoln Stephens

In 1902, Lincoln Steffens launched a series of articles in McClure’s entitled “The Shame of the Cities,” in which he unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and the government.

7

Ida Torbellis

Exposed ruthlessness of the Standard Oil Trust

8

John Spargo’s "The Bitter Cry of the Children" exposed what?

Child labor

9

What are the "tools" of the Progressive?

Initiatives
Referendum
Recall
Australian Ballot

10

Progressives were mostly?

Middle class citizens

11

What were the four amendments pass due to the progressive movement?

16- Income tax
17- direct election of senators
18- prohibition
19- women's suffrage

12

Example of local government reform?

Galveston, TX the city-manager system, which was designed to take politics out of municipal administration.

13

example of local government reform in Wisconsin?

In Wisconsin, Governor Robert M. La Follette wrestled control from the trusts and returned power to the people, becoming a Progressive leader in the process.

14

Where does progressive take root?

California, Oregon, Wisconsin

15

Muller vs. Oregon?

Attempt to protect women workers but results in women not being seen as equal so paid less

16

Lochner vs NY

Invalidates NY city law establishing a ten hour day for bakers

17

When was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, and what happen after?

1911, leads to Protective Legislative

18

Square Deal?

Theodore Roosevelt's platform
Intention: was to level the playing field

19

Square Deal consisted of the 3 ?

3 C's
Control Corporation
Consumer Protection
Conversation of Natural Resources

20

Anthracite Coal Miners Strike?

Strike breaks out in 1902 in Pennsylvania T.R calls both sides to White House and sides with labor. TR threatens to take over mines with federal troops if a deal is not work out:
Results 10% raise and 9 hour workday

21

Who is know as a the TRUSTBUSTER ?

Theodore Roosevelt in reality Trust regulator: philosophy good/bad trusts

22

What is the Department of Commerce and Labor?

In 1903, the Department of Commerce and Labor was formed which probe businesses engaged in interstate commerce; it was highly useful in “trust-busting.”

23

Biggest example of trust busted by T.R?

In 1902 Northern Securities Trust by JP Morgan and James Hill

24

Elkins Act

1903 outlaws rebates

25

Hepburn Act

1906 outlaws free passes

26

Elkins and Hepburn Act regulated which trust?

RailRoads

27

How many trust did TR bust?

TR crack down on over 40 trusts, and he helped dissolve the beef, sugar, fertilizer, and harvester trusts, but in reality, he wasn’t as large of a trustbuster as he has been portrayed.

28

Who wrote "The Jungle"

Upton Sinclair

29

Example of local government reform?

Galveston, TX the city-manager system, which was designed to take politics out of municipal administration.

30

example of local government reform in Wisconsin?

In Wisconsin, Governor Robert M. La Follette wrestled control from the trusts and returned power to the people, becoming a Progressive leader in the process.

31

Where does progressive take root?

California, Oregon, Wisconsin

32

Muller vs. Oregon?

Attempt to protect women workers but results in women not being seen as equal so paid less

33

Lochner vs NY

Invalidates NY city law establishing a ten hour day for bakers

34

When was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, and what happen after?

1911, leads to Protective Legislative

35

Square Deal?

Theodore Roosevelt's platform
Intention: was to level the playing field

36

Square Deal consisted of the 3 ?

3 C's
Control Corporation
Consumer Protection
Conversation of Natural Resources