CBA #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CBA #3 Deck (55):
1

RBCs: Male

4.7-6.1

2

RBCs: Female

4.2-5.4

3

Hemoglobin: Male

14-18

4

Hemoglobin: Female

12-16

5

Hematocrit: Male

42-52

6

Hematocrit: Female

37-47

7

WBC

5000-10,000

8

Platelets

150,000-400,000

9

INR

.7-1.8

10

Anxiolytics

reduce anxiety

11

Sedatives, Hypnotics

promote relaxation

12

Anticholinergic agents

reduce nasal and oral secretions

13

Histamine blockers

inhibit gastric secretion, risk for aspiration

14

Opiods

Decrease amount of anesthetic needed for induction and maintenance

15

When do you administer regularly scheduled medications?

Before surgeries

16

Interventions for Infection?

Plastic adhesive drape
Skin closures, sutures, staples, non absorbable sutures, inception of drains, application of dressing, patient transfer from OR table to stretcher, sterile technique, count supplies before and after.

17

Cells involved in Inflammation?

Neutrophils, Macrophages, Basophils, Eosinophils

18

Neutrophils

Nonspecific ingestion and phagocytosis of microorganisms and foreign protein

19

Macrophages

Nonspecific recognition of foreign proteins and microorganisms; ingestion and phagocytosis

20

Basophils

Releases histamine and heparin in areas of tissue damage

21

Eosinophils

Releases vasoactive amines during allergic reactions to limit these reaction

22

How pressure ulcers form?

Intensity, Duration, Tolerance

23

Slough

Pus, Debris, produced, sitting in there

24

Eschar

Black crust *MUST BE REMOVED

25

Primary Intention

Edges are pulled in next to each other clean wound. Very find scar

26

Secondary Intention

Large open wound, leave them open, base fills with epithelial tissue, big scar

27

Dehiscence

popping open

28

Evisceration

spilling out, emergency!!!!

29

WHO Ladder

1. Non-opiods
2.Opiods
3.Stronger opioids
4. Blocks and Epidurals

30

Physical Dependance
NO TREATMENT

A state of adaptation that is manifested by a drug class-specific withdrawal syndrome produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of the drug, and/or administration of an antagonist

31

Addiction
TREATMENT IS AVAILABLE

A primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations

32

Drug Tolerance

A state of adaptation in which exposure to a drug induces changes that result in a diminution of one or more effects of the drug over time

33

Placebos

a harmless pill, medicine, or procedure prescribed more for the psychological benefit to the patient than for any physiological effect.

34

serous

clear, watery plasma

35

purulent

thick, yellow, green, tan, brown

36

serosanguineous

pale, pink, watery; mix of clear and red fluid

37

sanguineous

bright red, active bleeding

38

innate-native immunity

natural

39

active immunity

lasts for years
natural by infection, or artificial stimulation of the body's immune defenses *vaccine

40

passive immunity

short
accomplished by transplacental transfer from mother or artificial injection of antibodies

41

monocyte

Destruction of bacteria and cellular debris; matures into macrophage

42

b-lymphocyte

Becomes sensitized to foreign cells and proteins

43

plasma cell

Secretes immunoglobulins in response to the presence of a specific antigen

44

memory cell

Remains sensitized to a specific antigen and can secrete increased amounts of immunoglobulins specific to the antigen on re-exposure

45

helper t cell

Enhances immune activity through secretion of various factors, cytokines, and lymphokines

46

cytotoxic cell

Selectively attacks and destroys non-self cells, including virally infected cells, grafts, and transplanted organs

47

natural killer cell

Nonselectively attacks non-self cells, especially body cells that have undergone mutation and become malignant; also attacks grafts and transplanted organs

48

pathogen

microorganism capable of producing disease

49

communicable

infection transmitted from person to person

50

pathogenicity

ability to cause disease

51

virulence

degree of communicability

52

surveillance

tracking and reporting of infections

53

endogenous infection

from patient flora (C.Diff)

54

exogenous infection

from the outside the patient, from tubes, implants, healthcare worker's hands (FLU)

55

Idiosyncratic reaction

Overreaction or underreaction or different reaction from normal –opposite reaction of what you’re suppose to.