Flashcards in CBA #3 Deck (55):
reduce nasal and oral secretions
inhibit gastric secretion, risk for aspiration
Decrease amount of anesthetic needed for induction and maintenance
When do you administer regularly scheduled medications?
Interventions for Infection?
Plastic adhesive drape
Skin closures, sutures, staples, non absorbable sutures, inception of drains, application of dressing, patient transfer from OR table to stretcher, sterile technique, count supplies before and after.
Cells involved in Inflammation?
Neutrophils, Macrophages, Basophils, Eosinophils
Nonspecific ingestion and phagocytosis of microorganisms and foreign protein
Nonspecific recognition of foreign proteins and microorganisms; ingestion and phagocytosis
Releases histamine and heparin in areas of tissue damage
Releases vasoactive amines during allergic reactions to limit these reaction
How pressure ulcers form?
Intensity, Duration, Tolerance
Pus, Debris, produced, sitting in there
Black crust *MUST BE REMOVED
Edges are pulled in next to each other clean wound. Very find scar
Large open wound, leave them open, base fills with epithelial tissue, big scar
spilling out, emergency!!!!
4. Blocks and Epidurals
A state of adaptation that is manifested by a drug class-specific withdrawal syndrome produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of the drug, and/or administration of an antagonist
TREATMENT IS AVAILABLE
A primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations
A state of adaptation in which exposure to a drug induces changes that result in a diminution of one or more effects of the drug over time
a harmless pill, medicine, or procedure prescribed more for the psychological benefit to the patient than for any physiological effect.
clear, watery plasma
thick, yellow, green, tan, brown
pale, pink, watery; mix of clear and red fluid
bright red, active bleeding
lasts for years
natural by infection, or artificial stimulation of the body's immune defenses *vaccine
accomplished by transplacental transfer from mother or artificial injection of antibodies
Destruction of bacteria and cellular debris; matures into macrophage
Becomes sensitized to foreign cells and proteins
Secretes immunoglobulins in response to the presence of a specific antigen
Remains sensitized to a specific antigen and can secrete increased amounts of immunoglobulins specific to the antigen on re-exposure
helper t cell
Enhances immune activity through secretion of various factors, cytokines, and lymphokines
Selectively attacks and destroys non-self cells, including virally infected cells, grafts, and transplanted organs
natural killer cell
Nonselectively attacks non-self cells, especially body cells that have undergone mutation and become malignant; also attacks grafts and transplanted organs
microorganism capable of producing disease
infection transmitted from person to person
ability to cause disease
degree of communicability
tracking and reporting of infections
from patient flora (C.Diff)
from the outside the patient, from tubes, implants, healthcare worker's hands (FLU)