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Flashcards in CBC Deck (20):
1

CBC

complete blood count, is used as a broad screening test to check for disorders. It examines different parts of the blood

2

WBC

white blood cells count: count of actual # of white blood cells per volume of blood.

3

White blood cell differential
Neutrophil

Most common WBC. Primary defense against bacterial infection. High WBC - infection, Low - increase chance for infection.

4

White blood cell differential
Lymphocyte

Responsible for much of the bodies immune protection. Fights virus infections.

5

White blood cell differential
Monocytes

First line of defense in the inflammatory process. Responsible for phagocytosis which is the ingestion of foreign substances capable of killing infected host cells. Fights viruses.

6

White blood cell differential
Eosinophil

Type of WBC. Destroys parasites. It also controls mechanisms associated with allergies and asthma. High - parasite infestation, asthma, Hay fever.

7

White blood cell differential
Basophil

Type of WBC. Releases histamine that dilutes blood. Fights viruses. High - virus infection, asthma. Low - will have severe allergies.

8

RBC

Red blood cells. Is the count of the actual number of red blood cells per volume of blood. Both increases and decreases can point to abnormal conditions.

9

HGB

Hemoglobin. Measures the amount of oxygen carrying protein in the blood.

10

Hematocrit

Measures the amount of space the red blood cells take up in the blood. It is reported as a percentage.

11

MCV

Mean corpuscular volume. Is a measurement of the average size of your RBC's.

12

MCH

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin. Is the calculation of oxygen carrying hemoglobin inside your RBC's.

13

MCHC

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. Is a calculation of the concentration of hemoglobin inside the RBC's. Decreased MCHC values are seen in conditions where the hemoglobin is abnormally diluted inside the red cells, such as in iron deficiency anemia.

14

RDW

Red cell distribution width. Is a calculation of the variation in the size of your RBC's.

15

platelets

disc found in the blood that functions as clotting.

16

MPV

Mean platelet Volume. Calculated measurement of the average size of the platelets. Clogging

17

Anemia symptoms

fatigue or weakness

18

Increases in WBC's may help confirm...

that an infection is present and suggest the need for further testing to identify its cause.

19

Decreases in the number of RBC's (anemia) can be further evaluated by...

changes in size or shape or the RBC's.

20

A platelet count that is low or extremely high may confirm...

the cause of excessive bleeding or clotting.