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Flashcards in Cell Biology Deck (35):
1

What are the two cells that are Eukaryotic cells?

Animal Cell
Plant Cell

2

What is an example of a Prokaryotic cell?

Bacteria cell

3

What is an example of a Prokaryotic cell?

Bacteria cell

4

What's the difference between a prokaryotic cell and eukaryotic cell?

Prokaryotic cell is much smaller in size

5

What does the flagellum do?

It helps them move

6

What does measure cells in?

Micrometers

7

Why is a light microscope two most popular?

Easy to use
Inexpensive

8

What's the maximum magnification of a light microscope?

200mm

9

How does an electronic microscope work?

Shine electronic as scattered through the specimen

10

What's the maximum resolution of an electronic microscope?

1nm

11

What's the advantage of using an electronic microscope?

Can see smaller things
more detail as higher resolution and magnification

12

What's the magnification calculation?

size of image
magnification size of real
of image object

13

What does the ribosome do?

Small structure that makes proteins

14

What does the mitochondria do?

Respiration

15

What is a chloroplast?

Makes the plant green
signs of photosynthesis

16

What's does the vacuole contain?

Cell sap

17

What's does the nucleus do?

Controls the activity of cell

18

What's the cytoplasm?

site of chemical reactions in the cell

19

What does the cell membrane do?

control what moves in and out of cell

20

What is cell differentiation?

To formally different types of cells

21

What's a specialised cell?

A cell that is adapted to carry out a particular function

22

What are chromosomes made of?

DNA

23

What controls the rate of chemical reaction in the cytoplasm?

Enzymes

24

How does the mitochondria help a sperm carry out its function?

It releases energy so it can swim

25

How many chromosomes are there in a human cell?

46

26

How many pairs of chromosomes are there?

23

27

What should a cell do before it divides?

Replicate the DNA

28

What's a stem cell?

A stem cell is an undifferentiated cell

29

What are two specialised cells in a human?

Nerve cells
ciliated cell

30

What is diffusion?

Spreading out of particles from higher to lower concentration

31

What are three factors that affect the rate of diffusion?

Temperature
Difference in concentration
Surface are of the membrane

32

What can stem cells be used for?

To treat Diseases

33

What's the name of the process which moves into cells?

osmosis

34

What's the process which plant roots absorb mineral ions?

Active transport

35

Why does roots store starch?

Starch is an energy source