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Flashcards in Cell Energy Deck (19)
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ADP

result of taking away a phosphate from ATP, this breakdown makes energy

1

ATP

Energy storing molecule which is the cell's gasoline, stands for adenosine triphosphate (3 phosphates)

2

Photosynthesis

Process by which autotrophs make food by using light energy from the sun

3

Light-dependent reactions

depend on light, light energy is absorbed by the chlorophyll in the chloroplast, oxygen gas formed

4

Light-independent reactions

can take place in the light and in the dark (calvin cycle), occurs in the stoma or the chloroplast, glucose is produced

5

Molecule that absorbs sunlight

Pigment

6

green pigment found in the chloroplast that absorbs light energy

Chlorophyll

7

Electron transport chain

energized electrons are transported

8

NADP+

Electron carrier molecule

9

Calvin cycle

Series of reactions during the light-independent phase of photosynthesis In which simple sugars are formed

10

Cellular respiration

chemical breakdown of glucose (food) to provide energy for the cell, done by plants and animals

11

Anaerobic

do not need oxygen to break down glucose

12

Aerobic

need oxygen to break down glucose

13

Glycolysis

In cellular respiration, occurs in the cytoplasm, break down glucose which makes 2 ATP

14

Citric acid cycle

In cellular respiration, series of chemical reactions that break down glucose and produce ATP

15

Lactic acid fermentation

break down of glucose without using oxygen to produce ATP

16

Alcoholic fermentation

makes ethanol and carbon dioxide

17

where do cells get energy?

the bonds in ATP

17

what is the organelle in cells that captures light energy and convert it to chemical energy

chloroplast