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Flashcards in Cell Structure Deck (15):
1

Lysosome

L: scattered in cytoplasm

F: digest ingested materials and worn-out materials

2

Mitochondria

L: scattered throughout cell

F: controls release of energy from foods; forms ATP

3

Microvilli

L: projections of the plasma membrane

F: increase the membrane surface area

4

Golgi apparatus

L: near the nucleus(in the cytoplasm)

F: packages proteins to be incorporated into the plasma membrane or lysosomes are exported from the cell

5

Centrioles

L: two rod-shaped bodies near the nucleus

F: "spin" the mitotic spindle

6

Smooth ER

L: cytoplasm

F: site of steroid synthesis and lipid metabolism

7

Rough ER

L: cytoplasm

F: transports proteins made in ribosomes to other cites in the cell; synthesizes membrane lipids

8

Ribosomes

L: attached to membranes or scattered in the cytoplasm

F: synthesize proteins

9

Cilia

L: short cell surface projections; look like tiny hairs

F: act collectively to move substances across cell surface in one direction

10

Microtubules

L: internal structure of centrioles; part of cytoskeleton

F: support cell and give it shape(cytoskeleton) involved in cell movement

11

Peroxisomes

L: scattered in cytoplasm

F: detoxifying alcohol; hydrogen peroxide

12

Microfilaments

L: tiny rods running through cell interior/ cytoplasm

F: contractile protein(actin); moves cell or cell parts; core of microvilli

13

Intermediate filaments

L: part of cytoskeleton

F: provide support for the plasma membrane

14

Inclusions

L: cytoplasm

F: stores fat

15

Plasma membrane

Location: External boundary of the cell

Function:confines cell contents; regulates entry and exit of materials