Cell Test Review: (all decks combined) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cell Test Review: (all decks combined) Deck (111)
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1

Which phase is known as the middle phase?

metaphase

2

Describe the activity of the centrioles during prophase

  • Migrate to opposite poles of the cell.
  • grow spindle fibers

3

Came up with the word cell

Robert Hooke

4

Two types of endocytosis

phagocytosis

pinocytosis

5

What returns during telophase?

  • Nuclei
  • Nucleoli

6

Three types of  transport

Passive Transport

Active Transport

Movement of Macromolecules

7

attach to glycoproteins

Peripheral proteins

8

During which phase of the cell cycle does the nucleus divide into two?

M phase or mitosis

9

Microscope that coats the speciman with a metal.  Electrons bounce off the speciman and produce and image

Scanning electron microscope

10

During which phase of the cell cycle does the cell split into two daughter cells?

C phase or cytokinesis

11

Diffusion through an integral protein from high to low concentration.

Facilitated diffusion

12

What are the products of lactic acid fermentation?

  • Lactic acid
  • 2 NAD+

13

During passive transport how do molecules move?

  • From high to low concentration
  • Down the conentration gradient.  

14

How do chromosomes line up during metaphse?

In a single file line

15

What is the cytoplasm of the mitochondria called?

Matrix

16

Category of transport that does not require energy from the cell

Passive transport

17

What type of cells go through the cell cycle?

Somatic cell

or 

diploid cells

18

During which phase of mitosis do the DNA molecules form chromosomes?

Prophase

19

Loss of osmotic pressure in an animal cell

crenation

20

Exploding of an animal cell

Lysing

21

Two types of electron microscopes

Scanning

and 

Transmission 

Electron Microscopes

22

Which organelle do spindle fibers grow out of?

centrioles

23

Which form of DNA is condensed?

Chromosome

24

Found inside of the nucleus.  They synthesize the ribosomes

nucleolus

25

Organelles only in animal cells

Lysosomes

Cilia and Flagella

Cytoskeleton

26

Movement of water from high to low concentrations.

Osmosis

27

During osmosis water moves from a _______solution to a ___________ solution.  

hypotonic to hypertonic

 

(TO THE HYPER!)

28

Concluded that all cells come from preexisting cells

Rudolf Virchow

29

Which products of glycolysis move on to the Krebs cycle?

Pyruvic acid

30

Part of the phospholipid that doesn't like the solvent in the cytoplasm or the environment

Fatty Acid Tails