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Flashcards in Cellular Respiration 1 Deck (27):
0

This is the equation for cellular respiration.

C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O & ATP

1

What is the purpose of cellular respiration?

The purpose of cellular respiration is to convert glucose into ATP.

2

Aerobic Respiration requires this gas.

O2 is required for aerobic respiration.

3

This is where glycolysis occurs in the cell.

Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm.

4

True or False: Glycolysis requires O2.

False: Glycolysis does NOT require O2.

5

These are what NAD+ transports.

NAD+ transports 2 e- and 1 H+.

6

This molecule begins glycolysis.

Glucose begins glycolysis.

7

These are the products of glycolysis.

Glycolysis produces:
2 ADP
2 NADH
4 ATP
2 Pyruvate

8

How many ATP molecules does glycolysis burn?

Glycolysis burns 2 ATP molecules.

9

How many ATP molecules does glycolysis produce?

Glycolysis produces 4 ATP.

10

What is the net gain of ATP for glycolysis?

Because it burns two to get four, there is only a NET gain of 2 ATP molecules in glycolysis.

11

This is the electron carrier PRODUCED by glycolysis.

NADH is produced by glycolysis.

12

This is where NADH goes after being produced in glycolysis.

NADH goes to the Electron Transport Chain to help produce ATP.

13

This is the process that follows glycolysis if O2 is NOT available.

Anerobic respiration (Fermentation) follows glycolysis if NO O2 is available.

14

True or False: Fermentation produces ATP.

False: fermentation does NOT produce ATP.

15

These are the 2 types of fermentation.

Alcoholic Fermentation
Lactic Acid Fermentation

16

This is the purpose (or benefit) of Fermentation.

The purpose of fermentation is to provide NAD+ so glycolysis can continue making a little bit of ATP to get you by until O2 is available.

17

These are the type of organisms that carry out Alcoholic Fermentation.

Yeast and a few other microorganisms

18

These are the REACTANTS of fermentation.

NADH and Pyruvate

19

Humans do this type of fermentation.

Lactic Acid Fermentation

20

These are the THREE products of alcohol fermentation.

NAD+
CO2
ethyl alcohol

21

These are the 2 products of lactic acid fermentation.

NAD+
Lactic Acid

22

True or False: Aerobic respiration begins with glycolysis.

True. It starts with glycolysis in the cytoplasm and if O2 is available, it completes the process in the mitochondria.

23

What are the 3 steps of AEROBIC respiration, following glycolysis?

Aerobic respiration includes Converting Pyruvate, Krebs Cycle, and ETC.

24

If oxygen IS available after glycolysis, what pathway do the products take?

Pyruvate & NADH enter the aerobic pathway if oxygen IS available.

25

Where do the 3 processes of Aerobic respiration occur in the cell?

Aerobic respiration occurs in the mitochondria.

26

What is the purpose (or benefit) of aerobic respiration?

Aerobic respiration makes LOTS of ATP!