Cell Structures #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cell Structures #1 Deck (15):
1

These simple cells LACK a nucleus.

PROKARYOTIC cells are simple and lack a nucleus.

2

These structures carry out photosynthesis to produce glucose.

CHLOROPLASTS carry out photosynthesis to produce glucose.

3

These are 3 structures typically found in ANIMAL cells but not plant cells.

LYSOSOMES, CENTRIOLES, & SMALL VACUOLES are found in animal but NOT plant cells.

4

This structure produces proteins that are to be exported OUT of the cell.

ROUGH Endoplasmic Reticulum produces proteins that are to be exported OUT of the cell.

5

This structure sorts, modifies and packages proteins into vesicles to transport them.

GOLGI BODIES sort, modify and package proteins into vesicles to transport them.

6

This structure is composed of various types of filaments and helps maintain the shape of a cell. It is also involved in cell movement.

The CYTOSKELETON is composed of various types of filaments and helps maintain the shape of a cell. It is also involved in cell movement.

7

These are storage structures. They can store water, waste or food for the cell.

VACUOLES are storage structures. They can store water, waste or food for the cell.

8

This is the true boundary to any cell.

The CELL MEMBRANE is the true boundary to any cell.

9

This is an area inside of the nucleus that begins making RNA for the formation of ribosomes.

NUCLEOLUS is an area inside the nucleus that begins making RNA for the formation of ribosomes.

10

This structure produces the lipids (fats) that help make the cell membrane.

SMOOTH Endoplasmic Reticulum produces the lipids (fats) that help make the cell membrane.

11

This non-living structure is found OUTSIDE of the cell membrane in some cells. It supports and protects the cell.

The CELL WALL is a non-living structure is found OUTSIDE of the cell membrane in some cells. It supports & protects the cell.

12

These structures help move chromosomes during cell division in animal cells.

CENTRIOLES help move chromosomes during cell division in animal cells.

13

These structures convert glucose into a molecule (ATP) that stores usable energy during cellular respiration.

MITOCHONDRIA convert glucose into a molecule (ATP) that stores usable energy during cellular respiration.

14

These are SHORT hair-like projections that propel some cells through water.

CILIA are SHORT hair-like projections that propel some cells through water.

15

These are LONG whip-like structures that allow some cells to swim.

FLAGELLA are LONG whip-like structures that allow some cells to swim.