Central africa Flashcards Preview

Geography > Central africa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Central africa Deck (21):
1

Why was there slave trade? What percent died in route?

European rulers wanted slaves for their plantation farms; 20%

2

What is colonialism? Who started it? When?

Acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically; King Leopald III of Belgium; early 1800s

3

Central africa was colonized primarily by who? When did independence begin?

Belgium and France; 1960s

4

Effects of colonization? (6)

Centralized government with lots of corruption
No regard for tribal boundaries
Loss of resources
Cultural and ethnic oppression
Little or no infrastructure
Little or no education

5

Who was the first leader of the Democratic Republic of the Congo? When? How did they maintain power?

Mobutu Sese Seko; 1967-97; used army

6

DRC is rich in what resources? Poor or rich?

Diamonds, gold, and copper; poor

7

What is the Bantu? Also known as? How many different forms of Bantu?

Central african people who migrated from central to southern Africa; Bantu Migrations; over 550

8

Why is there lamguage barriers in C. africa?

700+ languages spoken

9

What is the Fang Sculpture?

Wooden carvings, usually masks painted white with facial expressions outlined in black

10

Population of DRC? Gabon?

79 million; 1.8 million

11

Gdp of E. guinea? Gabon? dRC?

$21,000; $14,000; $300

12

Who were S. africa's first colonialers?

Zutu

13

When was Dutch colonization? What are Boers?

1600s, dutch farmers who took over the area

14

British defeated who to take advantage of resources in S.mAfrica?

Zutu and Boers

15

When did the separation of the races begin and end?

1948-1994

16

Who is Nelson Mandela?when jailed? When house arrest? Which election?

Elected president in democratic election of 1994; 1964-1982; 1982-1990

17

S. Africa's total population?how many in S. Africa?

131 mil; 54 mil

18

Gdp if S. africa?

341 nillion

19

Gdp per capita im Seychelles? Malawi?

$16,000; $226

20

Economy of Siuth depends on what 4 things?

Agriculture, manufacturing, mining, tiurism

21

7 issues of Africa today?

Political instability
Economic uncertainty
Lack of education
Tribal warfare
Mismanagement of resiurces
Lacking infrastructure
Diseases and health