Flashcards in Central africa Deck (21):
Why was there slave trade? What percent died in route?
European rulers wanted slaves for their plantation farms; 20%
What is colonialism? Who started it? When?
Acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically; King Leopald III of Belgium; early 1800s
Central africa was colonized primarily by who? When did independence begin?
Belgium and France; 1960s
Effects of colonization? (6)
Centralized government with lots of corruption
No regard for tribal boundaries
Loss of resources
Cultural and ethnic oppression
Little or no infrastructure
Little or no education
Who was the first leader of the Democratic Republic of the Congo? When? How did they maintain power?
Mobutu Sese Seko; 1967-97; used army
DRC is rich in what resources? Poor or rich?
Diamonds, gold, and copper; poor
What is the Bantu? Also known as? How many different forms of Bantu?
Central african people who migrated from central to southern Africa; Bantu Migrations; over 550
Why is there lamguage barriers in C. africa?
700+ languages spoken
What is the Fang Sculpture?
Wooden carvings, usually masks painted white with facial expressions outlined in black
Population of DRC? Gabon?
79 million; 1.8 million
Gdp of E. guinea? Gabon? dRC?
$21,000; $14,000; $300
Who were S. africa's first colonialers?
When was Dutch colonization? What are Boers?
1600s, dutch farmers who took over the area
British defeated who to take advantage of resources in S.mAfrica?
Zutu and Boers
When did the separation of the races begin and end?
Who is Nelson Mandela?when jailed? When house arrest? Which election?
Elected president in democratic election of 1994; 1964-1982; 1982-1990
S. Africa's total population?how many in S. Africa?
131 mil; 54 mil
Gdp if S. africa?
Gdp per capita im Seychelles? Malawi?
Economy of Siuth depends on what 4 things?
Agriculture, manufacturing, mining, tiurism