Ch. 16 Flashcards Preview

Geography > Ch. 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 16 Deck (39):
1

What is urbanization? When did it grow in Europe?

The movement of farmers to cities; after WWII

2

Today, industries such as what are booming?

Healthcare, education, and banking

3

What are five points about Germany?

Streets kept clean
6 week vacation
Amazing outdoors
Cultural festivals
Museums

4

In 1800-1900, many Europeans moved to what three countries?

US, Canada, and Mexico

5

What percent of Europe is immigrants? Another name for them?

6%; ex-pats

6

What does multicultural mean?

Country's way of life is influenced by many different cultures

7

The wealth of W. Europe depends on what 3 industries?

Automobile, steel, and machinery

8

How many members were in the European Union in 2004?

25 members

9

What is a tariff?

Fees that the government charges for goods entering the country

10

When were tariffs ended? What did trade increase to between EU members?

-970; 60%

11

What is migration?

The movement from place to place

12

What types of places did people move to? (4)

With a good supply of natural resources
Escape enemies
Fled where their religious and political beliefs put them in danger
For a better way of life

13

What is an ethnic group?

They share things, such as culture, a language, and a religion

14

How many Slavic languages are there in E. Europe? Examples?

10; czech, Polish, Russian

15

What 4 countries are Slavic?

Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and the Czech Republic

16

What percent of Hungarians belong to the Magyars?

95%

17

Czechoslovakia had a parliamentary democracy from when to when?

1918-1935

18

After Soviet Union took over, what happened in the 1960-1980?

Students and writers formed to promote the return of democracy

19

Who was Vaclav Havel?

A playwright and a major protestor of communism who was asked to leave and was later elected President of Czechoslovakia

20

When did the Communist Party turn its power back to the democratic body? What was this called?

1989; the Velvet Revolution

21

When did Czech and Slovakia split?

1993

22

Which people were from the same ethnic group: the Slavs?

Yugoslavian people

23

The different views on religion broke the country into what 5 groups?

Bosnia-Herzegovina
Croatia
Slovenia
Serbia
Montenegro and Macedonia

24

What is Nato? When was it formed?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization. An alliance among the US, Canada, and other western nations; 1993

25

When was Nato called in to stop violence? Between who?

1999; serbians and albanians

26

When was the area divided into Serbia and Montenegro?

2003

27

What is heritage?

Customs and practices that are passed down from one generation to the next

28

What percentage of the country is Russian Slavs? Where do they live?

80%; western Russia

29

How many different ethnic groups live in Russia? Which two are on the southern edges? Which live in small parts of Serbia?

75; armenians and mongolians; yakuts

30

What two religions does Russia have?

Russian Orthodox and Islam

31

Russian armies had to repress. What does this mean?

To put down uprisings

32

Who is Leo Tolstoy?

A novelist who wrote stories about life in Russia during the 1800s

33

Who is Peter Tchaikovsky?

Classical composer

34

Who is Vasily Kandinsky?

Painter in the modern art movement

35

What is propaganda?

Spread of ideas designed to support some causes

36

What is St. petersburg? Who founded it? When?

The russian center of culture; peter the great; 1703

37

What river goes through St. petersburg?

Neva River

38

What is the winter palace?

Has 1,000 rooms, home of russian czars, has a fine art collecion museum

39

What are the two important parts of Russia's cultural heritage?

Art and religion