Flashcards in Ch. 16 Deck (39):
What is urbanization? When did it grow in Europe?
The movement of farmers to cities; after WWII
Today, industries such as what are booming?
Healthcare, education, and banking
What are five points about Germany?
Streets kept clean
6 week vacation
In 1800-1900, many Europeans moved to what three countries?
US, Canada, and Mexico
What percent of Europe is immigrants? Another name for them?
What does multicultural mean?
Country's way of life is influenced by many different cultures
The wealth of W. Europe depends on what 3 industries?
Automobile, steel, and machinery
How many members were in the European Union in 2004?
What is a tariff?
Fees that the government charges for goods entering the country
When were tariffs ended? What did trade increase to between EU members?
What is migration?
The movement from place to place
What types of places did people move to? (4)
With a good supply of natural resources
Fled where their religious and political beliefs put them in danger
For a better way of life
What is an ethnic group?
They share things, such as culture, a language, and a religion
How many Slavic languages are there in E. Europe? Examples?
10; czech, Polish, Russian
What 4 countries are Slavic?
Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and the Czech Republic
What percent of Hungarians belong to the Magyars?
Czechoslovakia had a parliamentary democracy from when to when?
After Soviet Union took over, what happened in the 1960-1980?
Students and writers formed to promote the return of democracy
Who was Vaclav Havel?
A playwright and a major protestor of communism who was asked to leave and was later elected President of Czechoslovakia
When did the Communist Party turn its power back to the democratic body? What was this called?
1989; the Velvet Revolution
When did Czech and Slovakia split?
Which people were from the same ethnic group: the Slavs?
The different views on religion broke the country into what 5 groups?
Montenegro and Macedonia
What is Nato? When was it formed?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. An alliance among the US, Canada, and other western nations; 1993
When was Nato called in to stop violence? Between who?
1999; serbians and albanians
When was the area divided into Serbia and Montenegro?
What is heritage?
Customs and practices that are passed down from one generation to the next
What percentage of the country is Russian Slavs? Where do they live?
80%; western Russia
How many different ethnic groups live in Russia? Which two are on the southern edges? Which live in small parts of Serbia?
75; armenians and mongolians; yakuts
What two religions does Russia have?
Russian Orthodox and Islam
Russian armies had to repress. What does this mean?
To put down uprisings
Who is Leo Tolstoy?
A novelist who wrote stories about life in Russia during the 1800s
Who is Peter Tchaikovsky?
Who is Vasily Kandinsky?
Painter in the modern art movement
What is propaganda?
Spread of ideas designed to support some causes
What is St. petersburg? Who founded it? When?
The russian center of culture; peter the great; 1703
What river goes through St. petersburg?
What is the winter palace?
Has 1,000 rooms, home of russian czars, has a fine art collecion museum