Cervical Orthopedic Tests Flashcards Preview

NMS 1- Final Practical > Cervical Orthopedic Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical Orthopedic Tests Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is rust's sign

Suggests severe upper cervical (Atlanto-axial) instability

2

What is Libmans sign

Used to demonstrate an unusually low, high, or normal threshold for pain in the patient

3

Bakody's sign

The decrease traction on the brachial plexus results in a decrease in pain

4

Reverse bakody sign

If the patients pain increases indicates THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME

5

Bikele's sign

Stresses the brachial plexus used to find radicular pain

6

Dejerines triad is

Indicates a space occupying lesion

7

Valsalvas maneuver

Identifies a space occupying lesion

8

Swallowing test is

If dysphasia is present it is positive. SOL

9

A positive swallow test indicates

Esophageal irritation due to direct trauma or a retroesophageal SOL

10

Naffzigers test

Occludens the external jugular veins then have patient cough.

Backs up venous flow along with increase intra-thecal pressure

11

Barr'e-Lie'ou test

To rule out vascular insufficiency, cervicogenic vertigo, and possible vestibular apparatus abnormality

12

Vertebrobasilar artery functional maneuver

Rule out vascular insufficiency

13

DeKleyn's test

Rule out vascular insufficiency

14

Distraction test is

Confirm IVF encroachment

Increased pain indicates= MUSCLE SPASM

15

Foraminal compression test

To confirm IVF encroachment and nerve root involvement

Localized pain- indicates formainal encroachment

Radicular pain- indicates pressure on nerve root

16

Jackson compression test

Confirm IVF encroachment and nerve root involvement

17

Maximum cervical compression test

Confirms IVF encroachment and nerve root involvement

18

Spurlings test

To confirm IVF encroachment and nerve root involvement

19

Lhermittes test

Traction the posterior column of the spinal cord

Indicates Multiple Sclerosis

20

O'Donoghue maneuver

Stresses the musculature involved in the motion of the joint being tested

Positive- strain of cervical spine

21

Kernig sign

Possible meningeal irritation

Present in MENINGITIS

22

Brudzinski sign

Indicates meningeal irritation or inflammation

Indicates MENINGITIS

23

Shoulder depressor test

Tractions the brachial plexu

24

Soto-Hall test

Suspected fractured vertebrae. Specifically tests ligamentum Nuchae