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Flashcards in Cervical Spine SD Deck (25)
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1

Cervical spine: 

 

State which cervical levels are: 

 

Atlas

Axis 

Typical 

Atlas: C1

Axis: C2

Typical : C3-7

2

How many: 

 

Cervical 

Thoracic

Lumbar 

 

vertebrae do we have?

Cervical: 7

Thoracic: 12

Lumbar: 5

3

Nerves Exit ______ vertebral body within the: 

 

Cervical 

Thoracic 

Lumbar

Cervical: ABOVE

Thoracic: Below

Lumbar: Below

4

Which cervical vertebra is this?

The Atlas (C1)

5

Which cervical vertebra is this?

The Axis (C2)

 

 

*LOOK FOR THE ODONTOID PROCESS (DENS)

6

Which cervical vertebra is this?

Typical cervical vertebra

 

C3-C7

7

What do the 

 

Red

Brown

Green

Blue 

 

Lines represent?

Red : Anterior vertebral line

 

Brown : Posterior vertebral line

 

Green : Spinal laminar line

 

Blue : Posterior spinous process line

8

What is hangman's fracture?

Fracture of C2

 

*Typically the dens

9

What type of radiograph and view is this?

Open Mouth Radiograph of (C1/C2)

10

What is this radiograph revealing?

Jefferson Burst Fracture (C1)

 

Open mouth radiograph

11

What are the atypical articulations?

OA - C1

 

AA - C2

12

What are the major motions of OA?

 

minor motions?

Major = Flexion and extension

 

 

Minor = Sidebending, rotation

13

OA is...

 

Type-I like

or

Type- II like

Type I like

14

Primary motion of 

 

AA joint?

Rotation

15

C2-C7

 

Type I or Type II like?

Type II like Sidebending and rotation 

16

Normal Cervical ROM for 

 

Flexion

Extension 

Sidebending 

Rotation

Flexion: 45-90


Extension: 45-90

 

Sidebending : 45

 

Rotation : 70-90

17

What are the two major modes of testing the cervical spine?

Rotational Testing 

 

Translation/Sidebending Testing

18

How do you diagnose AA?

Dx: ROTATION ONLY 

 

Fully FLEX the C-spine 

then proceed with rotation left and right 

19

Explain: 

 

Sidebend left

20

What are absolute contraindications to performing HVLA specifically in the cervical area?

Advanced rheumatoid arthritis

 

Down Syndrome 

 

Vertebral artery disease / thrombosis

 

Advanced carotid disease

 

(*pt. says no lol)

21

A. OA

22

23

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