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Flashcards in Ch 1. 1 Deck (16):
1

anatomy

the study of the structure of body parts and their relationship to one another

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physiology

the study of the function of things, what role, their function etc

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gross anatomy (macroscopic)

at the level of the whole organism, whole organ, what you can see with the naked eye

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microscopic anatomy

view with a microscope

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histology

study of tissues

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cytology

study of cells

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developmental anatomy

different stages of the body parts eg, embroyotic-the study of changes during development

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cardiovascular anatomy

structure of the heart, blood and vessels

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skeletal anatomy

structure of bones, tendons and ligaments

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digestive anatomy

mouth, stomach and intestines

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essential tools for the study of anatomy:

1. Master the names
2.obsevation-looking
3.manipulation-feeling it
4.papation-feeling it
5.auscultation-listening

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topics of physiology

how things function to maintain homeostasis

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renal physiology

how the kidneys regulate blood content and pressure, and urine production

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cardiovascular physiology

how the heart and vessels provide for the needs of the body

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essential tools for the study of physiology

1. ability to focus at many levels (cellular, molecular, systematic)
2.knowledge of basic physical principles
3.knowledge of basic chemical properties

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principle of complementary

1.anatomy and physiology are inseparable
2. function always reflects structure and structure reflects function
3.what a object can do depends on its specific form