Ch. 1, 2, and 3 Flashcards Preview

Physical Agents in Rehabilitation > Ch. 1, 2, and 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 1, 2, and 3 Deck (14)
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1

What are three examples of thermal agents?

hot pack, ice pack, ultrasound, and diathermy

2

What are mechanical agents?

Traction, compression, water, and sound

3

What are electromagnetic agents?

Electromagnetic fields, electrical currents.
UV, LASER, TENS

4

Transudate?

Fluid that first forms during inflammation

5

Exudate?

cloudy thicker fluid

6

What does pus indicate in a wound?

sign of infection

7

During initial injury what are the goals?

Prevent further injury or bleeding, and clean open wound

8

Properties of C fibers?

-transmit signals slowly
-transmit signals that are dull, throbbing aching, burning
-

9

What are different types of pain?

Acute pain- pain that lasts 3-6 months
Chronic pain- pain that doesn't resovle in the normal recovery time
Referred pain- pain that is referred to a muscular
Radicualr pain- direct
Neuropathic pain- pain caused by a lesion or disease affecting the nerves
Pain caused by malignancy- bone cancer
Complex regional pain syndrome- over active nervous system

10

What are they effects of physical agents?

reduce inflammation, accelerates tissue healing, relieves pain, alters tissue extensibility, and modifies tone.

11

True or false cryotherapy is recommended during the chronic inflammation phase?

False, cryo can increase joint stiffness

12

what are the goals of the proliferation stage?

control scar tissue, ensure circulation, maintain strength and flexibility

13

What is the pain-spasm pain cycle?

nocioceptor activation causes transmission cell activation that stimulates anterior horn cells to cause muscles to contract. This produces compression of blood vessels, accumulation of chemical irritants,

14

What is the final nerve in a muscle contraction?

alpha motor neuron