Flashcards in Ch 1-.. Deck (161):
Who normally gets on the Sean first ?
Who is the first part of the EMS system
How does the EMS system begin ?
With a call from patient,family member ,friend or bystander
Where are EMS calls answered ?
Public safety answering point
People at the dispatch center are trained as what?
Emergency medical dispatchers
How many levels of EMS are there ?
What are the levels of EMS ?
What is an advance EMT JOB consist of ?
Is fluid some medications advance airway assessment techniques
Many EMS system provide what kind of system ?
What are the different type of specialty hospitals?
Cardiovascular care center
How many classic components of the EMS system are there ?
Which states have or has a system that oversees EMS within that state ?
Who is involved in quality improvement and the development of protocols
How should EMS providers treat people ?
How they would expect people to treat them
What are EMR providers required to do ?
Obtain ongoing or continuing education (CE)
Quality improvement committee composed of who ?
Members of an organization both administrative and field staff medical director and others
How to prevent errors?
Double check important facts and decision
Use pocket reference
Ask for help or assistance
Debrief calls afterwards and look for ways to improve
What should you do every-time?
Make sure he scene is safe
What are the four basic procedures that are used when you encounter danger
What are some hazards that you should look out for on a scene ??
Signs of hazardous materials
Signs of wires down in an area
Patients that are in a dangerous place
What are standard precautions?
Practices to prevent exposure to disease during patient contact
How could diseases be transferred to EMS providers ?
How can disease enter the body ?
Mucous membranes including eye nose or mouth
Or accidental needle stick
What most employers have in place to help prevent exposure to disease long before potential contact occurs
When should you wash hands
After any patient contact and anytime gloves are removed
What is the most common PPE used at emergency scene
A standard used when referring to the location of your patient
Patient laying on her back facing up
A patient laying on her stomach
Right lateral recumbent
Patient laying on her right side or (recovery position )
Left lateral recumbent
Patient laying on her left side in the recovery position
Towards the midline
Away from the midline ( ex your thumb is in the lateral side of your hand
Towards the head
Towards the feet
Farther from the point of attachment
Closer to the point of attachment the elbow is proximal to the wrist
Toward the front ( ex the chest is anterior
Towards the back
Towards the surface (ex a scrape of your knee)
Farther from the surface
Outside (ex burn to palm of hand)
Cavity that contain the brain (skull)
Thoracic (chest) cavity
Cavity that contains the lungs heart great vessels trachea and esophagus
This cavity contains the stomach intestines liver gallbladder pancreas spleen appendix and kidney
Contains the bladder recriminations and internal female reproductive organs
The study of structure of how the body part look
Look at the external surfaces and the shapes giving by underlining structures
Structures visible to the naked eye such as muscles bone and body organs
The study of biological functions or how body part works
The body state of balance between all processes
How many systems are in the body’s
What protects vital organs
How many bones are in a adult skeleton
Bones are attached to each other by what ?
Muscles are connected to bones by what ?
The spinal cord are made up of how many bones
7 vertebrae support head and neck
Consist of 12 vertebrae form upper back
Consist of 5 vertebrae that from the Lower back
Consist of 5 fused vertebrae part of the pelvic girdle
Tail bone 4 fused vertebrae
Commonly called rib cage consist of 12 pairs of ribs
What are the first pair of ten ribs attached to ?
Peace of cartilage
Bones at joints are fused together (ex bones in the skull )
Slightly movable joints
Has a limited range of motion (bones that make up spinal cord )
Freely movable joints
Has a great range of motion ex (fingers toes elbo and knee... etc
Skeletal or striated muscles
Move under voluntary control
Found in airway Respiratory system the digestive track and the blood vessel
Where are cardiac muscles found
Only found in the heart
Process of moving air in and out of the body
Exchange of gases in the cells
Also called inhalation when you breath in air
Also called exhaustion
Superior end of the trachea
What are smaller bronchi called
Located at the end of the bronchioles like a cluster of grapes
What is the arteries job
Carry blood away from the heart
What are capillaries
Are very thin blood vessels where where the exchange of gases nutrients and waster between blood and cells occurs
Red blood cells
Carry oxygen to cells
White blood cells
Help blood clotting
What is the central nervous system consist of ?
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Contains all nerves that transfer message to and from central nervous system
Somatic nervous system
Responsible for all aspects that you have control over such as body movement
Automatic nervous system
Systems such as heart rate respiratory and digestive system
What is the body first line of defense ?
The outmost later of the skin is called?
Area that contains the blood vessels hair follicles and sweat glands oil glands and sensory nerves
What is the inner most layer of the skin called ?
What two processes does the digestive system use ?
Mechanical and chemical
What is the responsibility of the unitary system ?
Filtration for the blood removing water salts materials and other waste products
What is the kidney purpose
Purpose of the lymphatic immune system
Helps defend the body against infection and disease and returns tissue fluids back to the bloodstream
What is the purpose of hormones ?
Help regulate various system and processes
Atmospheric air contains how much oxygen ?
What is the heart rate of and infant ?
Respiratory rate of infant
Heart rate of a toddler
Respiratory rate for a toddler
Heart rate for preschool
Respiratory rate for preschool
Heart rate for school age
Respiratory rate for school
Adolescent heart rate
Respiratory rate for adolescent
Broken rips moves in opposite direction or remainder of the chest
Refers to the amount of oxygen in the blood that will be carried to the body
What is the most common airway obstruction ?
How can the tongue be removed from the back of the throat ?
By tilting the head back
What device is used to measure how many hemoglobin is actually carrying oxygen at any given time ?
What other gas doe hemoglobin also carry
Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
The heart is divided into two upper chambers and two lower chambers called
Atria and ventricles
When does cardiac arrest happen
When the heart stops beating
Brain cells begin to die after how long
Irreversible brain damage
If an infant is in cardiac arrest where should you check the pulse ?
What is the electric rhythm in the heart called ?
What are the two different types of AEDs
Fully automated and semi automated
Public access difibrillation
What is the first part of patient assessment
Scene size up
What are the 5 major components of scene size up ?
standard precautions determination
Number of patients
Mechanism of injury nature of illness
You should begin observation as you approach look for
Any signs of fighting
Signs of alcohol or drugs
What can you use to update incoming units of violence
Cell phone and radio
Mechanism of injury
They physical force that cause patient injury
General rule for mechanism of injury
Then faster the speed involved in the injury or greater the high the more Injury
Why is mechanism of injury important
Patient only focus on on injury at a time
Mass casualty incident
Documented in patient own words
For widely accepted levels or responsiveness
When is disability check used ?
In trauma patients
Designed to test central nervous system (brain and spinal cord )
What kind of questions require patients to give answers better than a yes or no
Open ended questions
What a patient tells you are complains about
Something you observe or measure
Past medical history
L last oral intake
Taking multiple set of vitals over time is known as what ?
A palpable pressure is called what ?
The length of time it takes to refill capillary beds of the skin after pressure force blood out of them
Relaxation of the heart
Listing with your ears or with stethoscope
Feeling with your hands
Tenderness (or pain)
What can hinder your abilities to find injuries
One set of vitals is called what ?
How often should you take vitals for unstable patient ?
Every 5 min
How often should you take vitals for patients who appears stable
At least every 15 minutes
You should continue to monitor patient until what happen
Until EMT strive
An area about 3 feet
What kind of questions can be answered with one word?
Open ended question
Information gained during your assessment such as physical findings