Ch 1: A First Look at Interpersonal Communication Flashcards Preview

Spch 103 - Interpersonal Communication > Ch 1: A First Look at Interpersonal Communication > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1: A First Look at Interpersonal Communication Deck (40)
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1

Communication

using messages to generate meanings

2

instrumental goals

getting others to behave the way we want. Communication is the most widely used approach to attain these goals

3

linear communication model

Model that depicts communication as something a sender "does to" a receiver

4

sender

the person creating the message

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encodes

puts thoughts into symbols and gestures

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message

the info being transmitted

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channel

the medium through which the message passes

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receiver

the person receiving the message

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decodes

making sense of the message

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noise

distractions that disrupt transmission

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transactional communication model

model that updates and expands the linear model to better capture communication as a uniquely human process

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communicator

term used in transactional communication model that encompasses both the role of sender and receiver

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environments

fields of experience that affect how they understand others' behavior. Not only a physical location but also personal experiences and cultural background that participants bring to a conversation

14

physiological noise (transactional model)

biological factors that interfere w/ accurate reception: illness, fatigue, hearing loss, etc.

15

psychological noise (transactional model)

forces within that interfere with the ability to understand a message accurately (unwillingness to listen, daydreaming,...)

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interpersonal communication

transactional process involving participants who occupy different but overlapping environments and create relationships through the exchange of messages, many of which are affected by external, physiological, and psychological noise

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dyad

quantatative term that social scientists use to indicate two interacting people

18

impersonal communication

opposite of interpersonal communication. when quality of interaction is the criterion

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features distinguishing qualitatively interpersonal communication from less personal communication

uniqueness, irreplaceability, interdependence, disclosure, intrinsic rewards

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uniqueness

development of unique roles and rules. (unlike how impersonal exchanges are determined by social rules and roles

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irreplaceability

relationships fill our lives and none can replace the other

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interdependence

in an interpersonal relationship the other's life affects your own

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disclosure

more comfortable in sharing thoughts and feelings in interpersonal relationships

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intrinsic rewards

pend time in qualitatively interpersonal relationships with friends, lovers, and others b/c you find the time personally rewarding. often doesn't matter what you talk about: relationship itself is what's important

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content dimension (of an exchange)

involves the info being explicitly discussed

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relational dimension (of an exchange)

expresses how you feel about the other person

27

social media

collective description of all the media when you text message with friends or coworkers, send a tweet, exchange emails and instant messages, and when you social networking websites like Facebook

28

richness

abundance of nonverbal cues that add clarity to a verbal message

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leanness

description for messages that are stark from lack of nonverbal information

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disinhibition

tendency to transmit messages w/o considering their consequences