CH. 1 Exam 1 Nutritients Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CH. 1 Exam 1 Nutritients Deck (28):
1

What we choose to eat and put into our bodies, the food we eat contains nutrients?

Nutrition

2

Chemical Substances that provide the body with energy and all it needs to function?

Nutrients

3

___% body composed of what elements?

96%
Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen

4

What are the 6 major nutrients?

Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Water
Vitamins
Minerals

5

The increase in portions sizes?

Portion Distortion, which has a direct effect with the rise in obesity

6

T/F Food Cravings can be either emotional or physiological. Everyone does not get food cravings but they are real

True

7

What is the single most craved food?

Chocolate

8

How long is masticated food stored in the stomach?

1.5

9

Where does most of the digestion/absorption take place?

Small intestines

10

The dentition crushes food with a force of about how many pounds?

200

11

What are solid organs?

Pancreas
Liver
Gallbladder
Small intestine

12

Substance obtained from food and used by the body to promote growth, maintenance or repair?

Nutrients

13

Consumption norm?

Should be the proper food unit to eat.

14

When we ASSUME the food is placed in front of us is what we should eat?

Assumption norm

15

Gastrointestinal tract (GI Tract) Hollow Organs includes what organs?

Esophagus
Stomach
Small intestines
Large intestines
Rectum

16

Digestion in what order?

Mouth
Small intestines (Absorption of nutrients)
Large intestines (Solid waste excreted)

17

Protease breaks down?

Proteins

18

Lipase

Lipids

19

Amylase

Carbs

20

T/F Chewing down food causes enzymes from the LIVER, PANCREAS, GALLBLADDER, and SMALL INTESTINES to be secreted and aid in digestion?

True

21

What plays a vital role in digestion?

enzymes

22

What is first to be secreted in the digestion process? and what is it called?

Amylase
Ptyalin

23

Most digestion/absorption takes place in the small intestine, but specifically the?

jejunum

24

What helps push the swallowed food into the esophagus which transport it on into the stomach?

Peristalsis

25

Transit time for digestion from the mouth to elimination is how long?

24 hours to 3 weeks

26

The small intestine is divided into three sections?

Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum

27

T/F Nutrients enter the bloodstream through fingerlike projections called villi that are along the inner wall of the small intestine.

True

28

T/F The waste (what is not needed) is passes on to the large intestines; water is absorbed from the waste, turning it into solid waste, turning it into feces.

True