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Flashcards in Ch 1 intro Deck (28):
1

HAZMAT

Substances that posses harmful characteristics / any substance or material that poses an unreasonable risk to health, safety, property or environment

2

Name a few potential causes of HAZMAT

Human error
Malfunction
Container failure
Accidents
Deliberate: chem suicides, terrorism,

3

NFPA 1072

Standard for HAZMAT/WMD emergency response

4

NFPA 472

Standard for competencies of responders to HAZMAT/WMD

5

NFPA 473

Standard for competencies for EMS responding to HAZMAT/WMD

6

29 CFR 1910.120

HAZWOPER regulation

7

Awareness level

Limited defensive actions, such as calling for help, Evac, secure scene

8

Operations level

Allowed to perform defensive actions, but are not expected to come into direct contact with HAZMAT

9

Operations mission specific

Trained beyond the set of core competencies to perform defensive and limited offensive actions. May include socialized equipment and perform tasks that MIGHT come into contact with HAZMAT

10

What are the 3 level of HAZMAT response in NFPA 1072/472

Awareness
Operations
Operations mission-specific

11

APIE

Analyze the incident
Plan the initial response
Implement the response
Evaluate progress

12

NFPA 472, set forth a 4 step process know as?

APIE

13

What does the Awareness level do?

-Recognize HAZMAT is pr sent or potentially present

-Protect themselves and others

-Communicate information

-Establish scene control by isolation and denial to area

14

What does Operations Level responded do?

-Identify potential hazard
-identify response
-implement plan
-evaluate

15

What materials does OSHA allow for operations level offensive ops involving flammable liquids

Gasoline
Diesel
Natural gas
LPG

16

What are some mission specific tasks?

PPE
Mass Decon
Tech Decon
Evidence
Product control
Rescue/recovery
Response to illicit lab incidents

17

What is a Hazard

Condition, substance, or device that can directly cause injury or loss, a source of risk

18

Acute

Single exposure or repeated in a short period

19

Chronic

Long duration recurring over time

20

Routes of entry

Inhalation
Ingestion
Absorption
Injection

21

Three primary mechanisms of harm

-energy release
-corrosively
-toxicity

22

TRACEM

-Thermal: temp extremes
-Radiological
-Asphyxiation
-Chemical:
-Etiological / Biological: bacteria or virus
-Mechanical: direct contact via friction or striking

23

TRACEM mechanisms of harm

Thermal - Energy
Radiological - Energy
Asphyxiation - Toxicity
Chemical - Corrosivity / Toxicity
Etiological/ Bio - toxicity
Mechanical - Energy

24

Corrosives

Chemicals that destroy or burn living tissue

25

SARA

Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act

26

What are the 3 primary missions of Homeland Security

1. Prevent terrorism
2. Reduce terrorism vulnerability
3. Minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters

27

When do most HAZMATs occur?

While trucks are transporting via highway rather than air, rail, or water

28

What are the products most involved in HAZMAT

Flammable / combustible liquids, petroleum products, paint, resins, and adhesives

Corrosives, sulfuric acid, hydrochloride a is, sodium hydroxide

Anhydrous Ammonia

Chlorine