Ch 2 (analyzing incidents) Flashcards Preview

HAZMAT > Ch 2 (analyzing incidents) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 2 (analyzing incidents) Deck (81):
1

7 clues to precedes of a HAZMAT

1. Occupancy type / location
2. Container shape
3. Placards, labels and markings
4. Other markings or colors
5. Written resources
6. Senses
7. Detection / monitoring devices

2

If a HAZMAT gets into waterway, what does it become and what are its difficulties

When hazmat is in water ways it becomes a moving incident making it harder to contain, confine, and mitigate

3

To be bulk packaging, what criteria must be met?

-Max capacity is greater than 119 gallons for liquid

-Max net mass is greater than 882 lbs or Max capacity greater than 119 lbs for a solid

-water capacity is 1,001 lbs or greater as a receptacle for gas

4

Non bulk packaging

Drums, boxes, car boys, and bags

5

Any package greater than below if what?
Solid: 882 lbs
Liquid: 119 gal
Gas: 1,001 lbs

Bulk

6

Any package less than below if what?
Solid: 882 lbs
Liquid: 119 gal
Gas: 1,001 lbs

Non bulk

7

Cryogens are also called what

Refrigerated liquified gas

8

What is a cryogenic

A gas turns to liquid at or below -130 F at 14.7 psi

9

Pressurized containers features include

Rounded, almost spherical ends
Bolted man ways
Pressure relief valves
Pressure gauges

10

What happens when cryogenic are released

They transform from a liquid to vapor state

11

What types of materials are cryogenic

LOX: liquified Oxygen
Nitrogen
Helium
Hydrogen
Argon
LNG

12

Common liquid containers

Bottles, drums, paint paisl, and gas containers

13

Hazards associated with liquid containers

Pressure, heat (contents will burn), reactivity, Corrosivity, and toxicity

14

Features of liquified Containers

-Flat ends on tanks
-Access hatch / man ways
-Multiple visible fittings on top
-Flexible bladders
-Highway cargo tanks oval or upside down horse shoe shaped, or circular shaped ends
-Intermodal, rigid bulk, flex intermediate rigid bulk are designed to be stacked

15

What are a few hazardous solids

Dust particles and powders

16

What are Boric acid and Sodium chloride examples of

Corrosive solids

17

What happens when Calcium carbide comes into contact with moisture

Will release a flammable gas

18

What is RAM

Radioactive Material

19

How is packaging used to transport radioactive material

Activity, type, and form of material being shipped

20

Radioactive material is shipped in what 5 different types

1. Expected: extremely low levels
2.industrial: such as lab samples of and smoke detectors
3. Type A: withstand a series of tests without contents release
4. Type B: withstand severe accidents without contents release
5. Type C: high-activity material (plutonium), transported by aircraft

21

What do pipelines transport

Liquids and gases

22

What direction does radiation travel

All directions for long distances and may pass through materials. Cannot be detected by the 5 human senses and require a meter.

23

What do pipeline markers include for identification

Signal words, info describing transported commodity, name and number of carrier

24

What are the 3 tanker types

- petroleum carriers,
-chemical cArriers
-liquified Flammable Gas Carriers, for LNG and LPG

25

Cargo is shipped in what 4 vessels

1. Bulk carriers: liquid or solid
2. Break bulk: pallets, drums, bags, boxes, and crates
3. Container vessels: intermodal containers
4. Roll-on / Roll-off: vehicles can be driven on and off.

26

What is used to consolidate a single , transportable unit by air

ULD: Unit Loading Device (containers/aircraft pallets)

27

What source do the U.S., Canada, Mexico use for transportation

Transportation of Dangerous goods, model regulations

28

Transportation labels are designed for

Non-bulk packaging

29

Placards are designed for what?

Bulk Packaging

30

What are the 9 hazard classes

1. Explosive
2. Gasses
3. Flammable liquids
4. Flammable solids
5. Oxidizing substance and organic per oxides
6. Toxic and infectious substances
7.radioactive
8. Corrosive
9. Misc

31

Class 1 material

Explosive

32

Class 2 material

Gases

33

Class 3 material

Flammable liquids

34

Class 4 material

Flammable solid, substances liable to spontaneous combustion, substances that emit flammable gasses on contact with water

35

Class 5 substances

Oxidizing and organic per oxides

36

Class 6 materials

Toxic and infectious substances

37

Class 7 material

Radioactive

38

Class 8 material

Corrosives

39

Class 9 material

Misc

40

NFPA 704

Standard system for identification of HAZMAT for emergency response and military markings

41

How does the UN identify each Hazardous Material

4 digit ID number

42

The 4 digit UN number must be displayed on what types of containers

Rail cars
Cargo tank trucks
Portable tanks
Bulk packages
Certain non-bulk packages
Table 1 materials

43

What does the yellow section of ERG help with

4 digit UN number

44

Along with the 4 digit UN number, some cargo may have what markings

-A single digit identifying the hazard, followed by a zero 90
-Double digit (33) indicating intensification of hazard.
- an X before the numbers indication dangerous reaction to water
-when 9 appears as a 2nd or 3rd digit, risk of spontaneous violent reaction

45

Are placards required for infectious substances, ORM-D (other regulated materials for domestic transport), materials of trade, radioactive white label I or yellow II or combustible liquids in non-bulk packages

No, a placard is not required

46

What is on a DOT placard

Hazard class number (1-9)
Hazard symbol
4 digit UN number or hazard class designation
Diamond shaped
Placard background color

47

What is the color placard for explosives

Orange

48

What is the color placard for Oxidizer / Reactive

Yellow

49

What is the color placard for Flammable

Red

50

What is the color placard for health hazard

White

51

What is the color placard for water reactive

Blue

52

What is the color placard for nonflammable gas

Green

53

Farmers can carry fertilizer, pesticides, and fuel between fields of theirs farms and to and from farms without placating, true or false?

True

54

Text may be omitted from an Oxygen placard only if?

If the specific ID number is displayed

55

Text indicating a hazard is not required on placards other than?

Class 7 (radioactive) or DANGEROUS placards

56

Even though tankers may appear empty they may carry placards until?

They are certified as clean

57

What is the size of a DOT placard

10.8 inch diamond

58

Class 7 radioactive labels must always contain what

Text

59

A " cargo aircraft only" is not associated with a particular class, but indicates what

That material cannot be transported on passenger aircraft

60

What does the text "Hot" on container mean

Elevated temperature material, presenting a thermal hazard in the form of heat, generally shipping above 1,300 F. such as molten sulfur and molten aluminum

61

When a material is shipped above 1,300 F it is an elevated temperature material and should be labeled

Hot

62

DOT defines elevated temp materials as a transported material with what properties

Liquid phase: at or above 212 F

Liquid phase with flash point at or above 100 F that is intentionally heated, offered for transportation, or transported at or above flash point

Solid phase: at or above 464 F

63

What is a white placard with UN # 1005 in unique to Canada

Class 2: gases
Anhydrous Ammonia

64

What is the NFPA 704 system used for

To alert emergency responders to health, flammability, instability, and related hazards (specifically, oxidizes and water reactivity)

65

What are the limitations of the NFPA 704 placard

Does not tell what chemicals/materials or amounts are present. When on a building, does not give location of materials

66

What does red indicate on NFPA 704 placard

Flammability: with 0-4 number indicator

67

What does yellow indicate on NFPA 704 placard

Instability: 0-4 severity indicator

68

What does blue indicate on NFPA 704 placard

Health: 0-4 severity indicator

69

What does white indicate on NFPA 704 placard

Special Hazards:

W with a line through it: unusual reaction to water

OX: indication it is an oxidize

70

What are the only two special hazards used on NFPA 704 placard


W with a line through it: unusual reaction to water

OX: indication it is an oxidize

71

What is the international classification system for chemicals and other hazards

Global Harmonized System (GHS)

72

What is a CAS number

A unique Number that identifies individual Chemicals, compounds, polymers, mixtures, and alloys.

73

Military symbols for fire (ordinance) are separated into how many divisions?

4 Divisions

Division 1: mass explosion {stop sign}
Division 2: explosion with fragment hazards {X}
Division 3: mass fire {upside down triangle}
Division 4: moderate fire ( no blast) {placard}

74

Military symbols for supplemental chemical hazards are yellow circles with blue letters indicating type, what are the labels and types?

Yellow circle with blue:

G- G type nerve agents
VX- VX nerve agents
BZ- incapacitating nerve agents
H- H-type mustard / blister agent
L- Lewisite blister agents

75

The EPA requires warning labels on any container, transformer, or capacitor that contain what?

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) causes cancer

76

shipment of HAZMAT must be accompanied by

Shipping papers, bill of lading, way bill, etc.

77

What must be attached to the shipping papers of HAZMAT

A Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest

78

What is the ISHP acronym and what is in regards to?

Potential hazards

I: ID number
S: Shipping name
H: Hazard class
P: packaging

79

Where are the shipping papers type, name,located, and responsibility in trucks, airplanes, ships, and trains?

Type / paper / location / responsibility

Truck / bill of lading / cab / pilot

airplane / air bill / cock pit / pilot

Ships/barges: dangerous cargo manifest / pilot house/ captain

Train / train list: Consist / engine or caboose/ conductor

80

What SDS, how many sections, and what kind of information involved

Safety Data Sheet (formerly MSDS)

16 sections, including name, hazard, first aid, firefighting, general info of material, etc.

81

Olfactory Fatique

Gradual inability to detect odors, can be rapid with Hydrogen Sulfide