Ch. 11 Agreement in Traditional and E-contracts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 11 Agreement in Traditional and E-contracts Deck (29)
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the parities must agree on the terms of the contract and manifest to each other their mutual assent (agreement) to the same bargain. doesn't necessarily have to be in writing,


How is an agreement evidenced?

by an offer and an acceptance


objective theory of contracts

a partys words and conduct are held to mean whatever a reasonable person in the offeree's position would think



a promise or commitment to do or refrain from doing some specified action in the future



the one who makes an offer



the one who receives the offer


What are the three elements for an offer to be effective?

(1) the offeror must have a serious intention to become bound by the offer (2) the terms of the offer must be reasonably certain, or definite, so that the parties and the court can ascertain the terms of the contract (3) the offer must be communicated to the offeree


What is serious intent determined by?

determined by what a reasonable person in the offerees position would conclude that the offerors words and actions meant, these are the objective intentions



a reasonable person will realize that the offeror is serious about their offer and are not attempting to make an agreement in obvious anger, jest, or undue excitement


What are examples of expressions that are not offers?

expressions of opinions, statements of future intent, preliminary negotiations, advertisements, auctions, auctions with and without reserve, agreements to agree(can be considered an enforceable agreement if the intent to be bound is clear).


What four terms must a contract include, either explicitly stated or capable of being reasonably inferred from it?

(1) identification of parties (2) identification of the object or subject matter of the contract (also the quantity, when appropriate), including the work to be performed, with specific identification of such items as goods, services and land. (3) the consideration to be paid (4) time of payment, delivery, or performance


In what three ways can a contract be terminated?

revocation, rejection, or counteroffer



the offerors act of withdrawing (revoking) an offer. this can only take place if the offeror communicates the revocation before the offeree has accepted. the revocation becomes effective when the offeree actually receives it.


option contract

created when an offeror promises to hold an offer open for a specified period of time in return for a payment (consideration) given by the offeree. it takes away the offerors power to revoke the offer for that specified period of time



a rejection of the original offer and the simultaneous making of a new offer


mirror image rule

requires the offerees acceptance to match the offerors offer exactly. if it is not a mirror image acceptance then the contract immediately terminates that offer and substitutes the counteroffer


What three events, if occurred, can terminate a contract by operation of law?

(1) lapse of time (2) destruction of the specific subject matter of the offer (3) death or incompetence (4) supervening illegality of the proposed contract



a voluntary act by the offer that shows assent to the terms of an offer


unequivocal acceptance

this is the mirror image rule. if the offer is not accepted to the terms stated then this can be considered a counteroffer


silence as acceptance

(1) may be an acceptance when the offer benefits the offeree and they do not reject the services (2) when the offeree has had prior dealings with the offeror


communication of acceptance

in a bilateral contract comm of acceptance is necessary because the acceptance is in the form of a promise (not performance) and the contract is formed when the promise is made


mode and timeliness of acceptance

in bilateral contracts acceptance must be timely. acceptance is considered timely when if it is made before the offer is terminated


authorized means of acceptance

an offeror can explicitly state how they want the acceptance to be sent, if the offeree does not respond in that manner then it is not considered effective until the offeror receives it.


express authorization

when an offeror specifies how the acceptance should be made and then the contract is not formed unless the offeree uses that specified mode of acceptance. the acceptance is effective the moment the the specified mode is employed


limitation on remedies

a provision specifying the remedies available to the buyer if the foods are found to be defective or of the contract is otherwise breached


dispute resolution

provisions relating to the dispute settlement such as an arbitration clause


forum selection clause

indicates the forum or location in which contract disputes will be resolved


choice-of-law clause

the parties specify that any dispute arising out of the contract will be settled in accordance with the law of a particular jurisdiction


Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)

governs sales contracts. it states that any contract for the sale of goods "may be made in any manner sufficient to show agreement, including conduct by bother parties which recognizes the existence of such a contract"