Ch. 11: Eating Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 11: Eating Disorders Deck (35):
1

What is the DSM 5 criteria for Anorexia nervosa?

Restriction of energy intake that leads to low weight
Fear of gaining weight or behavior that interferes with weight gain
Lack of recognition of seriousnes

2

What is restricting type anorexia?

No purging or bingeing for 3 months. Fasting, dieting and exercise only.

3

What is binge-eating/purging type?

Engaging in binge eating or purging (vomiting, laxative, enemas) for 3 months

4

Females account for how many cases of anorexia?

About 90-95% of cases, 2-6% will die

5

What is the peak age of onset for anorexia?

14-18 years

6

What are some typical characteristics of anorexia?

Fear of becoming fat
Preoccupied with food
Distorted thinking
Anxiety, drug abuse issues kind common

7

What is the DSM 5 criteria for bulimia?

Eating large amounts of food than others would, lack of control
Behaviors to then stop weight gain
Disturbance doesn't occur during episodes of anorexia?

8

What is the current severity rating for bulimia?

Mild: 1-3 episodes of behavior/week
Moderate: 4-7
Severe: 8-13
Extreme: 14+

9

Females account for how many bulimia cases?

90-95% of all cases

10

What is the peak onset of bulimia?

15-21 years

11

Binges are often done in ________.

secret

12

What are some of the compensatory behaviors of bulimia?

to undo effects of bingeing: laxatives, vomiting

13

What are the DSM 5 criteria for binge eating disorder?

Recurrent episodes of binge eating (and 3 of the following):
-Eating more rapidly than normal
-Eating till feeling full
-Eating large amounts of food when not nungry
-Feeling disgusted with self/distress

14

T/F: Binge eating is associated with recurrent use of compensatory behaviors and not during anorexia or bulimia.

False, binge eating isn't associated with it.

15

Binge eating occurs at least _______ a week for 3 months.

1 time

16

______ of those with binge eating disorder are overweight/obese

2/3

17

Peak of binge eating disorder is when?

develops in teens

18

What is a key difference between binge eating disorder and bulimia?

People with binge eating disorder are not driven to attain thinness.

19

What is the psychodynamic view on eating disorders?

Disturbed mother-child relationships = serious ego deficiencies. Postulated by Hilda Bruch

20

What is the theory of ineffective parents in eating disorders?

Ineffective parents don't respond consistently to when child is hungry, child becomes incapable in perceiving their needs

21

Difficulty describing feelings is known as _________.

alexithymic

22

What are some cognitive factors of eating disorders?

Improperly label sensations and needs, misjudge self based on body image.

23

What are some biological factors of eating disorders?

Genetic factors
Low serotonin levels
Changes in hypothalamus

24

Minuchin says what can cause an increased risk in eating disorders?

Enmeshed family pattern

25

Teens pose a special problem because they want __________.

independence

26

Describe the 1995 study of white Americans vs. African Americans perception of beauty?

White people spoke about physical features when asked to name characteristics of the most beautiful friend they have. Black people named inner beauty characteristics.

27

What is reverse anorexia nervosa?

guy is very muscular but sees self as scrawny

28

What are the two goals to treating anorexia?

correct dangerous eating pattern and address psychological issues

29

What is the cognitive behavioral model of treating anorexia?

monitor eating behaviors, address beliefs & maladaptive attitudes, teach coping skills

30

What are some long term outcomes for anorexia?

90% show improvement after several years, recurrence occurs with new stressors. More severe cases have poor recovery rates.

31

What are some treatment options for bulimia?

Cognitive behavior therapy (keeping a diary/exposure and response). Interpesonal, and psychodynamic therapy

32

Antidepressants are best as __________ therapy in treating bulimia/binge eating.

adjunctive

33

What percentage of those with bulimia will show great improvement?

40%

34

________ who recover relapse within 2 years, usually within 6 months.

1/3

35

40% of bulimia patients will show __________ improvement

moderate