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Flashcards in Ch. 12 Deck (47)
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Baroque architecture

Extravagant, impressive, showed power || Peter Paul Rubens

1

Plain Architecture

Focus on message || Rembrandt van Rijm

2

Politiques and examples

Political stability
-------------------
Religious unity

•Elizabeth I
•Henry IV

3

Non examples of Politiques

•Mary I
•Philip II
•Oliver Cromwell

4

Factors that led to Protestant persecution in France

•King Francis I captured
•Affair of the Placards
•Edict of Fontainebleau
•Edict of Chateaubriand

5

Competing families in France after the death of Henry II

•Bourbons
•Montmorency
•Guise

6

Characteristics and facts about French Protestants

•Huegenotes
• .15%
•Aristocracy

7

What started the French Wars of Religion?

1562; Massacre at Vassy

8

Effects of St. Germain-en-Laye

Protestants had control over the monarchy

9

Facts about St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

August 24, 1572
•3,000 Protestant leaders killed
•20-30,000 likewise murdered
•Backfired on Catholics
•Gained sympathy for Protestants in France

10

Facts about Henry IV of France

First Protestant monarch
"Paris is worth a mass"
Catholicism = religion of France
Protestants have rights

11

Facts about the Edict of Nantes

Declared Catholicism
Henry IV
Religious compromise
Criticized creating state in state
Protestants granted freedoms

12

Preconditions of the Thirty Years War

Decentralized HRE
Religious division
Calvinism and the Palatinate
Maximilian of Bavaria

13

Climax of the Spanish/English hostilities

1558; Defeat of the Spanish Armada

14

Things that led to the conflict with Spain

1567; the Spanish Netherlands
1570; Elizabeth "excommunicated"
1572; English Pirating
1572; St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
1585; Treaty of Nonsuch

15

Characteristics of Philip II

Reclusive
Managed kingdom with pen and paper
Pious, devoted Catholic
Knew personal sorrows

16

Condition of the Spanish economy

Lack of goods and supplies and goods, inflation

17

The Compromise

1564; Philip II tried to encore decrees of Council of Trent
Led to pledge to resist the decrees of The Council of Trent

18

Philip II reign policy and action during 1st half of reign

Focused on Mediterranean, defeat Ottoman Empire

2nd half; western conflicts

19

Perpetual Edict of 1577

Withdrew Spanish forces from Netherlands

20

Major area of resistance that prevented Spanish world empire

Netherlands

21

Successors of Edward VI

Jane Seymour, Mary I

22

Mary I and her reign

Repeals Protestant acts
"Marian Persecutions" 287 killed
"Marian Exiles"
Married to Philip II

23

John Knox

Marian Exile, founder of Presbyterian Protestantism in Scotland

24

Religious extremists who threatened the reign of Elizabeth I

Jesuits
Spain
Mary Queen of Scots
Puritans

25

Facts about the Elizabeth Settlement

Compromise between Protestants and Catholics
Protestants get message
Catholics get physical characteristics
Politique
"Good Queen Bess"

26

Thirty-Nine Articles

Moderate Protestantism = Church of England

27

Puritans, Presbyterians, & Congregationalists

England's version wasn't real, Presbyterians = semi autonomous congregations,
Congregationalists = complete autonomy

28

Conventicle Act

Any religious separatists weren't allowed in England

29

Reasons why Pope Sixtus V supported Spain against England

He wanted to restore England to Catholicism, but he didn't trust Philip II