Ch. 11 Flashcards Preview

AP Euro Chapter 11/12 > Ch. 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 11 Deck (40)
Loading flashcards...
0

Birthplace of the Reformation

Germany and Switzerland

1

Proponents/allies of reforming the Catholic Church

Free imperial towns, trade guilds, towns people, the laity, the peasantry

2

Contributing factors to criticism of the church

More knowledge; travel, postal systems, books and libraries

3

Common goal of lay religious movements

Imitation of Christ; The New Testament Model

4

Ideology of the Brothers of the Common Life

Life of prayer and study outside of church

5

Imitation of the Christ

Thomas à Kempis; Summarized philosophy of the Brothers of the Common Life

6

Martin Luther

Son of miner, parents wanted him a lawyer, becomes Monk

7

Salvation according to the Medieval Church

WORKS + GRACE = SALVATION; joint venture between man and God

8

Doctrine and Indulgences

Treasury of Merit, Pope Leo X and Jubilee Indulgence to finish St. Peter's Basilica || Johann Tetzel- "When a coin in the coffer rings, the soul from Purgatory sings"

9

95 Thesis

October 31, 1517 Complaint about indulgences, written in Latin, humanists translated it in the vernacular

10

Literary works of Martin Luther

95 Thesis, Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, Babylonian Captivity, Freedom of a Christian

11

Diet of Worms

April 1521, Charles V tells him to recant his works

12

Martin Luther's views on salvation

Belief/Faith = Works = Grace = Salvation || Justification by faith alone

13

Peace of Ausburg

1555, "Cuius regio, eius regio", Princes could choose their own religion, end of German Reformation

14

Reaction to the German Peasants revolt

"Against the Murderous and Thieving Hordes of Peasants" is written, 70-100,000 peasants slaughtered, no one supported it

15

Diet of Ausburg

1530, Protestants ordered to reconvert to Catholicism, Charles V

16

Schmalkaldic League

1531, defense alliance of Protestants

17

Leader of Reformation in Zurich

Zwingli

18

Point of contention between Luther and Zwingli

Eucharist and Transubstantiation; Luther = for it Zwingli = symbolic

19

Anabaptists

Conrad Grebel, adult baptism, made up of agrarian class

20

John Calvin

Calvinism, from France, Settled in Geneva Switzerland, wrote "Institutes of the Christian Religion", predestination, set up theocracy

21

Lutheranism in Denmark

Introduce by King Christian II

22

Religious significance of Magdeburg

Safe haven for persecuted Protestants

23

Henry VIII

"Defender of the Faith", had 6 wives Tutor Dynasty, Thomas Woolsey, attacked Martin Luther with the 7 Sacraments

24

Wives of Henry VIII

Aragon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr

25

The King's "Great Matter"

He was married to Catherine of Aragon, wanted Anne Boleyn

26

Reformation Parliament

1529-1536; make Henry VIII head of the Church of England for his annulment

27

Act of Succession

1534; disinherits Mary to the throne, children with Boleyn will be successors

28

Act of Uniformity

Imposed "Book of the Common Prayer", used in all Church of England parishes

29

Act of Supremacy

1534; Henry VIII supreme head of Church of England