Flashcards in CH 12: Violence Against Women Deck (47):
Intimate Partner Abuse
intent to harm another physically, emotionally or psychologically
What is the estimated percentage of U.S. women that are physically abused at least once in their life?
What is the estimated percentage of U.S. women that are emotionally abused at least once in their life?
sexual penetration without a person's consent
How is rape obtained?
through force, threat or when person is incapable of consent
Although about 73% of grey areas meet the definition of rape, why is it not classified as rape?
committed by an acquaintance or partner
agreement to participate in sexual activity
What are the characteristics of Consent?
freely given, reversible, informed, enthusiastic, specific
What is the estimate of rapes that are committed by someone known?
What kinds of perceptions about women are included in acquaintance rape?
negative attitudes about women, men more likely to interpret other's behavior as sexually inviting
What kinds of gender role beliefs are involved in acquaintance rape?
woman are submissive, coy and have a duty to husband
What is the estimated percentage of acquaintance rapes where alcohol was involved?
How are women portrayed in movies?
As expendable objects that are often killed so the male will be pushed to act
When is victim blaming more likely?
in acquaintance rape, when there is verbal coercion instead of physical, victim is wearing suggestive clothing, if a man is paid for a date
Are there lesser sentences for acquaintances or strangers?
What does a survivor have to prove when in court?
that they were raped and that they do not have a motive for "claiming" rape
What is the problem with men setting up the legal system regarding rape?
it's harder for men to distinguish rape from sex
sending sexually explicit photos/videos of oneself via text/email
Who is more likely to sext?
Danger with sexting
can be forwarded/posted easily
distribution of sexually explicit material without the permission of the person featured
non-consensual photography after ending a relationship
Why are children vulnerable to child abuse?
they are dependent on adults
Childhood Sexual Abuse
coercive sexual contact between a child and adult
Percentage of childhood rapes committed by family members and acquaintances
What kinds of fears will children show when they are victims of sexual abuse?
dark, being alone, going to bed
What kinds of behavioral responses will children show when they are victims of sexual abuse?
bedwetting, nightmares, school problems, running away, early sexual activity
How can abuse of children be ended?
1. teaching children to speak up
2. educating parents/teachers to recognize abuse signs
What is the percentage of college students that have been on the receiving/sending end of verbal aggression?
Male motive of aggression
stay in control of relationship
female motive of aggression
self-defense; sensitization to potential harm
What is the best predictor of aggression for both men and women?
having an aggressive partner
repeated unwanted harassing behaviors where the victim feels threatened or fearful
Unwanted Pursuit Behaviors
stalking behaviors when relationship motives are present
repeated unwanted and unwelcome pursuit behaviors that occur virtually
Effects of stalking on victim
relocation of both victim and family, new job, psychological/physiological symptoms
unwanted sexual contact
Globally, what is the percentage of women that have experienced rape? unwanted sexual contact?
widely help stereotypical beliefs about rape
Common Couple's Violence
severe escalating power of abuse aimed at controlling women
When is a women more likely to be seriously injured or killed by a partner?
after leaving an abusive partner
Battered Women's Syndrome
type of PTSD
Battered Women's Movement
an international movement to educate people on domestic violence, reform legal system and provide direct help to women with violent partners
Battered Women's Shelters
refuges where women can find temporary safety, emotional support, info about legal rights and counseling
Who is usually the perpetrator of Elder sexual abuse?
caretakers (sometimes their son)