CH 12: Violence Against Women Flashcards Preview

PSY 190: Gender > CH 12: Violence Against Women > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH 12: Violence Against Women Deck (47):
1

Intimate Partner Abuse

intent to harm another physically, emotionally or psychologically

2

What is the estimated percentage of U.S. women that are physically abused at least once in their life?

20-35%

3

What is the estimated percentage of U.S. women that are emotionally abused at least once in their life?

65%

4

Rape

sexual penetration without a person's consent

5

How is rape obtained?

through force, threat or when person is incapable of consent

6

Although about 73% of grey areas meet the definition of rape, why is it not classified as rape?

committed by an acquaintance or partner

7

Consent

agreement to participate in sexual activity

8

What are the characteristics of Consent?

freely given, reversible, informed, enthusiastic, specific

9

What is the estimate of rapes that are committed by someone known?

85%

10

What kinds of perceptions about women are included in acquaintance rape?

negative attitudes about women, men more likely to interpret other's behavior as sexually inviting

11

What kinds of gender role beliefs are involved in acquaintance rape?

woman are submissive, coy and have a duty to husband

12

What is the estimated percentage of acquaintance rapes where alcohol was involved?

50%

13

How are women portrayed in movies?

As expendable objects that are often killed so the male will be pushed to act

14

When is victim blaming more likely?

in acquaintance rape, when there is verbal coercion instead of physical, victim is wearing suggestive clothing, if a man is paid for a date

15

Are there lesser sentences for acquaintances or strangers?

acquaintances

16

What does a survivor have to prove when in court?

that they were raped and that they do not have a motive for "claiming" rape

17

What is the problem with men setting up the legal system regarding rape?

it's harder for men to distinguish rape from sex

18

Sexting

sending sexually explicit photos/videos of oneself via text/email

19

Who is more likely to sext?

females

20

Danger with sexting

can be forwarded/posted easily

21

Non-consensual pornography

distribution of sexually explicit material without the permission of the person featured

22

Revenge Porn

non-consensual photography after ending a relationship

23

Why are children vulnerable to child abuse?

they are dependent on adults

24

Childhood Sexual Abuse

coercive sexual contact between a child and adult

25

Percentage of childhood rapes committed by family members and acquaintances

90%

26

What kinds of fears will children show when they are victims of sexual abuse?

dark, being alone, going to bed

27

What kinds of behavioral responses will children show when they are victims of sexual abuse?

bedwetting, nightmares, school problems, running away, early sexual activity

28

How can abuse of children be ended?

1. teaching children to speak up
2. educating parents/teachers to recognize abuse signs

29

What is the percentage of college students that have been on the receiving/sending end of verbal aggression?

80%

30

Male motive of aggression

stay in control of relationship

31

female motive of aggression

self-defense; sensitization to potential harm

32

What is the best predictor of aggression for both men and women?

having an aggressive partner

33

Stalking

repeated unwanted harassing behaviors where the victim feels threatened or fearful

34

Unwanted Pursuit Behaviors

stalking behaviors when relationship motives are present

35

Cyberstalking

repeated unwanted and unwelcome pursuit behaviors that occur virtually

36

Effects of stalking on victim

relocation of both victim and family, new job, psychological/physiological symptoms

37

Sexual Assault/Coercison

unwanted sexual contact

38

Globally, what is the percentage of women that have experienced rape? unwanted sexual contact?

20%, 40%

39

Rape Myths

widely help stereotypical beliefs about rape

40

Common Couple's Violence

Gender-neutral violence

41

Patriarchal/Intimate Terrorism

severe escalating power of abuse aimed at controlling women

42

When is a women more likely to be seriously injured or killed by a partner?

after leaving an abusive partner

43

Battered Women's Syndrome

type of PTSD

44

Battered Women's Movement

an international movement to educate people on domestic violence, reform legal system and provide direct help to women with violent partners

45

Battered Women's Shelters

refuges where women can find temporary safety, emotional support, info about legal rights and counseling

46

Who is usually the perpetrator of Elder sexual abuse?

caretakers (sometimes their son)

47

What makes it less likely that elders will report sexual abuse?

memory degeneration and self blame