CH 13: Well Being Flashcards Preview

PSY 190: Gender > CH 13: Well Being > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH 13: Well Being Deck (22):
1

How do assumptions about normality affect women and men?

women are told what to fix, how to change and what they can do better to be more like men

2

What is the problem with current Birth Control

most aimed at changing women's bodies

3

What is the problem with PMS?

It is seen as an abnormal condition that can be fixed, when it is a completely normal and natural part of a woman's biorhythm

4

What can help explain mood differences during a woman's cycle?

hormonal changes, social taboos against menstruation and social perceptions on PMS changes and the experiences of it

5

Why is PMS seen as an abnormality?

medically, it makes women different than men; what is considered normal is always in relation to men

6

What is the societal effect on women's emotions during PMS?

It allows us to take women less seriously

7

What is the criteria for judging abnormality?

1. statistical infrequency
2. norm violation
3. personal suffering/distress
4. impairment of day-to-day functioning

8

Mental Disorder

behavior of psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual that reflects an underlying psychological dysfunction

9

What is considered when determining if a condition is a mental disorder?

distress, disability, whether it is an expected response to a life event or social deviance

10

How do psychologists determine is a depressive episode is present?

need at least 5 symptoms for at least 2 weeks including depressed mood most days everyday, diminished interest, weight loss/gain, insomnia, agitation/retardation, fatigue/loss of energy

11

Why are women 4X more likely to be diagnosed with major depression?

2X more likely to report depressive symptoms

12

Pros of community surveys

large, representative samples

13

Cons of Community surveys

vulnerable to demand characteristics such as the possibility of men being less willing to report depression

14

Pros of Treatment facilities

trained technicians available

15

Cons of Treatment Facilities

men less willing o seek help?

16

What are possible reasons for Gender Differences in Depression?

clinician bias and response bias

17

Limitation of Psychoanalysis

assumptions about te defects of the female nature

18

Limitation of Humanistic Therapy

focuses on the individual and ignores social context of problem

19

Medical Model Limitations

drugs more likely to be prescribed to women

20

Feminist Therapy

views conflict, struggle and mental illness within the context of people's lives

21

Why did Feminist Therapy arise?

grew out of noticing power imbalances in prevailing therapies

22

What is the goal of therapy?

reframing