Ch. 13: Skin Care Products: Chemistry, Ingredients, & Selections Flashcards Preview

Esthetics > Ch. 13: Skin Care Products: Chemistry, Ingredients, & Selections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 13: Skin Care Products: Chemistry, Ingredients, & Selections Deck (25):
1

What are two types of facial ingredients?

Performance Ingredients and Functional Ingredients

2

What are Performance Ingredients?

* These do the actual work of cleansing, normalizing, moisturizing, or otherwise treating the skin.
(Change the skin)

3

What are Functional Ingredients?

* These make up majority of the product.
* they allow products to spread, give them body and texture, and give them a specific form such as a lotion, cream, or gel.
(Do not change the appearance of the skin)

4

Define: Cosmetics

Defined by the FDA as:
Articles that are intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or otherwise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance.

5

What is the third category of facial ingredients?

Cosmeceuticals

6

What are Cosmeceuticals?

Products intended to improve the skin's health and appearance.

7

What is the most frequently used cosmetic ingredient?

Water

8

What are Anhydrous?

Products that do not contain any water.

9

What are Emollient?

"Fatty" materials (derived from oils or fats) used to lubricate or moisturize the skin.

10

What are Mineral Oils?

Lubricant derived from petroleum.

11

Define: Lubricants

Coat the skin and reduce friction.

12

Fatty Acids

Emollients; lubricant ingredients derived from plant oils or animal fats.

13

Fatty Alcohols

Emollient; fatty acids that have been exposed to hydrogen.

14

Fatty Esters

Emollients produced from fatty acids and alcohols.

15

Silicones

Oil that is chemically combined with silicon and oxygen and leaves a noncomedogenic protective film on the surface of the skin.

16

Define: Comedogenicity

The tendency of any topical substance to cause or to worsen a buildup of dead cells in the follicle, leading to the development of a comedo (blackheads)

17

What are Surfactants?

Reduce the surface tension between the skin and the product, and increase the spreadability of cosmetic products.

18

What are Detergents?

A type of surfactant used as cleansers in skin-cleansing products.

19

What are Cleansers?

Soaps and/or detergents that clean the skin.

20

What are Emulsifiers?

* Surfactants that cause oil and water to mix and form an emulsion.
* an ingredient that brings two normally incomparable materials together and binds them into a uniform and fairly stable blend.

21

Define: Oil Soluble

Comparable with oil

22

Define: Water Soluble

Mixable with water

23

What are Carbomers used for?

To thicken creams and frequently used in gel products.

24

Define: Fragrances

Can come from plant, animal...

25

Define: Essential Oils

Are highly...