Ch. 14 Flashcards Preview

9 World History > Ch. 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 14 Deck (27):
1

What marks the boundary between Europe and Asia?

The Ural Mountains

2

Which sea is actually shrinking over time? Why is this?

Caspian Sea;
Salt

3

What is the deepest freshwater lake in the world? What percentage of earth's total supply of freshwater is here?

Lake Baikal;
20%

4

What are two major products of Russia?

Dry natural gas
Nickel

5

Russia has a lot of ________. How many acres do the forests shrink each year?

Timber;
40 million

6

Napoleon and his Grand Army of __________ men invaded Russia in 1812, but Russia's climate was brutal and only about ____________ men survived.

600,000;
40,000

7

Who were the Varangians? Why did they come to Russia?

Vikings from Scandinavia;
To reach southern economics in Eurasia and for honey, timber, and slaves

8

What is Kievan Rus?

Viking Rule

9

Who was Rurik?

First ruler of Russia

10

Who was Olga?

Igor's first wife, 1st female ruler, 1st Christian ruler of Russia, was be-edified

11

Why was Vladimir the Great great?

He converted Russia to Christianity and used dvoverie (blend two faiths)

12

Why was Iaroslav the Wise wise?

He married a Greek to unify the countries, made 1st Russian law code and changed system of inheritance

13

What was Vladimir Monomakh important?

His own "crown of Monomakh" becomes what the czars wore

14

What happened during Appanage Russia?

Mongols invade and control Russia until 1480

15

What is a baskaki?

A tax collector

16

What is Patrimoniatism?

Rulers control everything, created the system of serfdom

17

What is Mestnich?

A system of deciding power based on how close you sat to the prince

18

Who was Ivan I or "Ivan Kalita?"

"money bags"
Takes money and buys two things: moves the orthodox church to Moscow and Land from other principalities

19

Who was Ivan III or " Ivan the Great?"

Ends Mongol Yoke by leading Moscow to defeat the other Russian cities to all unite behind his army, marries Byzantine princess, the heritage of greatness- Julius Ceasar

20

How many languages are spoken in Russia?

Over 170

21

What problems does country size lead to?

Communication, governance, and enemies

22

Who is the Bol'shak?

Oldest person in every village and treated the village like family

23

What was the ethic name given for the Russians?

Slavs

24

What word is said to derive from slav? Why?

Slave; the slavs were the first to be sold for slavery because of lack of stability

25

What were Slavs like?

Nomadic- moved every 3-4 years,
Slash and burn method of farming,
Wore clothes designed for cold weather- hardly any skin was reveiled, men had thick long beards,
Completely illiterate

26

Who were St. Cyril and Methodius?

Two missionaries sent to spread faith and civilize the barbaric Slavs and tried to teach then how to read

27

How big is Russia?

Russia covers about 6.6 million square miles. It covers 11 time zones, 9 mountain ranges, borders 13 seas, 2 oceans, and 14 other countries.