Flashcards in Ch. 14 Deck (27):
What marks the boundary between Europe and Asia?
The Ural Mountains
Which sea is actually shrinking over time? Why is this?
What is the deepest freshwater lake in the world? What percentage of earth's total supply of freshwater is here?
What are two major products of Russia?
Dry natural gas
Russia has a lot of ________. How many acres do the forests shrink each year?
Napoleon and his Grand Army of __________ men invaded Russia in 1812, but Russia's climate was brutal and only about ____________ men survived.
Who were the Varangians? Why did they come to Russia?
Vikings from Scandinavia;
To reach southern economics in Eurasia and for honey, timber, and slaves
What is Kievan Rus?
Who was Rurik?
First ruler of Russia
Who was Olga?
Igor's first wife, 1st female ruler, 1st Christian ruler of Russia, was be-edified
Why was Vladimir the Great great?
He converted Russia to Christianity and used dvoverie (blend two faiths)
Why was Iaroslav the Wise wise?
He married a Greek to unify the countries, made 1st Russian law code and changed system of inheritance
What was Vladimir Monomakh important?
His own "crown of Monomakh" becomes what the czars wore
What happened during Appanage Russia?
Mongols invade and control Russia until 1480
What is a baskaki?
A tax collector
What is Patrimoniatism?
Rulers control everything, created the system of serfdom
What is Mestnich?
A system of deciding power based on how close you sat to the prince
Who was Ivan I or "Ivan Kalita?"
Takes money and buys two things: moves the orthodox church to Moscow and Land from other principalities
Who was Ivan III or " Ivan the Great?"
Ends Mongol Yoke by leading Moscow to defeat the other Russian cities to all unite behind his army, marries Byzantine princess, the heritage of greatness- Julius Ceasar
How many languages are spoken in Russia?
What problems does country size lead to?
Communication, governance, and enemies
Who is the Bol'shak?
Oldest person in every village and treated the village like family
What was the ethic name given for the Russians?
What word is said to derive from slav? Why?
Slave; the slavs were the first to be sold for slavery because of lack of stability
What were Slavs like?
Nomadic- moved every 3-4 years,
Slash and burn method of farming,
Wore clothes designed for cold weather- hardly any skin was reveiled, men had thick long beards,
Who were St. Cyril and Methodius?
Two missionaries sent to spread faith and civilize the barbaric Slavs and tried to teach then how to read