Flashcards in Ch. 17 and Ch. 18 Deck (30):
What body of water is nine times saltier than the ocean?
What is the large inland body of water?
How long is the Nile River?
What is known as " the land between two rivers?" What countries does it irrigate?
Syria, Turkey, and Iraq
What two river surrounds Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates
What is Africa's longest mountain chain?
What body of water separates Europe and Africa?
What do Algerians mainly farm?
Barley, wheat, and oats
What is the most agriculturally productive area on the Arabian Peninsula?
How much rain do the Asir Mountains get?
19 inches per year
What is significant about Mount Ararat?
Noah's Arc rested between the two peaks of the mountain
What is known as the black sand deser?
What is know as the red sand desert?
Which country has the world's largest supply of sulfate and largest deposit of sulfur?
The Middle East contains 70% of the world's _______________.
known oil reserves
Describe ethnic diversity.
Many different cultural groups or races
Approximately how many people in the Middle East are Arabic?
What is the official language of the Arabs?
What did the Turks build?
The Ottoman Empire
How long did the Ottoman Empire rule?
over 600 years
What did Turks do that was uncommon in most Islamic nations?
They blended Western elements
What language do Iranians speak?
What is the main religion in Iran?
90% Shiite Muslims
What group of people make up 90% of Armenia?
What happened to the Armenians at the hands of the Ottoman Turks?
over 1 million were killed, deported, or died from illness in 1915
What group of people had no country of their own?
Which people were considered Kurds?
those who lived in the border areas of Turkey, Iraq, and Syria
Explain what happened in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War
Israel won the Golan Heights (a third of their water) from Syria and refused to give it back
What are the most populous countries in the Middle East?
Turkey, Egypt, and Iran