Ch. 17 and Ch. 18 Flashcards Preview

9 World History > Ch. 17 and Ch. 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 17 and Ch. 18 Deck (30):
1

What body of water is nine times saltier than the ocean?

Dead Sea

2

What is the large inland body of water?

Caspian Sea

3

How long is the Nile River?

4160 miles

4

What is known as " the land between two rivers?" What countries does it irrigate?

Mesopotamia;
Syria, Turkey, and Iraq

5

What two river surrounds Mesopotamia?

Tigris and Euphrates

6

What is Africa's longest mountain chain?

Atlas Mountains

7

What body of water separates Europe and Africa?

Mediterranean Sea

8

What do Algerians mainly farm?

Barley, wheat, and oats

9

What is the most agriculturally productive area on the Arabian Peninsula?

Asir Mountains

10

How much rain do the Asir Mountains get?

19 inches per year

11

What is significant about Mount Ararat?

Noah's Arc rested between the two peaks of the mountain

12

What is known as the black sand deser?

Garagum

13

What is know as the red sand desert?

Qizilqum

14

Which country has the world's largest supply of sulfate and largest deposit of sulfur?

Turkmenistan

15

The Middle East contains 70% of the world's _______________.

known oil reserves

16

Describe ethnic diversity.

Many different cultural groups or races

17

Approximately how many people in the Middle East are Arabic?

275 million

18

What is the official language of the Arabs?

Arabic

19

What did the Turks build?

The Ottoman Empire

20

How long did the Ottoman Empire rule?

over 600 years

21

What did Turks do that was uncommon in most Islamic nations?

They blended Western elements

22

What language do Iranians speak?

Farsi

23

What is the main religion in Iran?

90% Shiite Muslims

24

What group of people make up 90% of Armenia?

Armenians

25

What happened to the Armenians at the hands of the Ottoman Turks?

over 1 million were killed, deported, or died from illness in 1915

26

What group of people had no country of their own?

Kurds

27

Which people were considered Kurds?

those who lived in the border areas of Turkey, Iraq, and Syria

28

Explain what happened in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War

Israel won the Golan Heights (a third of their water) from Syria and refused to give it back

29

What are the most populous countries in the Middle East?

Turkey, Egypt, and Iran

30

What are some problems of rapid urbanization?

not enough jobs or housing,
poverty,
snarled traffic,
pollution,
sanitation issues