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Flashcards in ch 16 Deck (19)
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The fundamental division of economic and military power between the poles of western capitalism and eastern communism



A term coined in 1946 by George Kennan who believed that soviet aggression must be "contained by the adroit and vigilant application of counter force by the United States



View in which the US sphere of influence has expanded beyond the Western Hemisphere to include virtually every corner of the globe where the US interest might be affected


North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Charter signed by the United States, Canada, turkey, and eleven European nations in 1949 agreeing that an armed attack against one or more of them on Europe or North America would e interpreted as an attack against all


Cold War

The bipolar power struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union that began in the 1950's and ended in the 1990's


Warsaw Pact

Treaty signed by the Soviet Union and the eastern bloc in Europe agreeing to mutual defense, in reaction to NATO


Strategic arms limitation treaty(SALT)

Treaty signed by the United States(under Nixon) and the Soviet Union to limit various classes of nuclear weapons


Foreign aid

Small portion of the federal budget that goes to non military aid abroad, initially to mitigate against soviet expansion


Peace corps

Organization formed by president Kennedy to help with third world development by having American volunteers live and work in needy communities


Gulf of Tonkin resolution

Resolution passed by congress that granted president Lyndon Johnson authority to pursue the war in Vietnam, supposedly based on a naval attack by north Vietnamese ships


Economic sanctions

The use of embargoes and boycotts rather than military force to compel compliance



What president Eisenhower in 1961 called the growing power and influence resulting from the "conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry"



An attempt to relax tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union through limited cooperation


Foreign policy

Policy adopted and action taken by the US government on behalf of US national interests abroad. The president is the country's chief foreign policy maker



A pattern in which the United States fosters economic relations abroad without commuting to strategic alliances that might draw the country into a war


Monroe Doctrine

A doctrine enunciated by president James Monroe in 1823 that proclaimed North and South America to be in the US sphere of influence, hence out of bounds for European aspirations. It reinforced growing isolationism by promising not to interfere in the internal concerns of European states


Legislative Oversight

The legislatures review and evaluation of executive branch activities to ensure that programs are administered and implemented in a manner consistent with legislative intent



The disproportionate power- economic and military- that distinguished the United States and the Soviet Union from all other countries in the post-war era


War powers resolution

A highly controversial measure passed over president nixon's veto that stipulated that presidential commitments of US military forces cannot extend beyond 60 days without specific congressional authorization