Flashcards in Ch 2 Basic Concepts Deck (20):
The duration of a given behavioral event refers to which of the following measurable property of behavior?
Bruce, an 11-year old male, screams, aggresses toward other students, and flips over desks all to gain access to attention. These behaviors, which all result in the same consequence, can be classified as belonging to what?
Which of the following would not be considered to be a formal dimension of a stimulus?
When the stimulus occurs
Stimulus events can be described (select all that apply):
Formally, temporally, functionally
A set or collection of knowledge and skill that a person has learned that are relevant to a particular task or setting is known as ____.
Food is an example of a _____ reinforcer, while money is an example of a _____ reinforcer.
Learners do not need to be aware of antecedents for antecedents to alter behavior.
Behavior elicited by antecedent stimuli is best described as:
A response is followed by a stimulus change, the effect of which is an increase in the future frequency of that response. Which stimulus-change operation most likely occurred?
A response is followed by a stimulus change, the effect of which is a decrease in the future frequency of that response. Which stimulus-change operation most likely occurred?
Your puppy runs into the kitchen when it hears the beep from your microwave but not when it hears your tea kettle whistle. In this example, running into the kitchen is an example of behavior being under:
A behavior that occurs more often under some antecedent conditions that it does under other conditions is called a(n):
Food deprivation alters the momentary effectiveness of food as a reinforcer. Food deprivation is an example of:
Applied behavior analysis procedures involve the manipulation of one or more components of the three-term contingency. What terms make up the three-term contingency?
Antecedent, behavior, consequence
Operant behavior is selected by its:
The term “contingent” as used in behavior analysis refers to the dependent relationship of a particular consequence on the occurrence of behavior and is also used in reference to the _____ order of behavior and its consequences.
Which of the following is not a major contributor to the complexity associated with the analysis and control of human behavior?
Complexity of ethical considerations
Discuss the difference between a principle of behavior and a behavior-change tactic.
Principle of behavior is the foundation of behavior such as EAB based off of empirical principles and the analysis of antecedent, behavior and consequence. Behavior-change tactic would be research based, used with ABA, technology such as shaping and chaining and utilized for socially significant behavior change.
Discuss the importance of a functional analysis of behavior over a structural analysis of behavior.
Functional analysis of behavior is important because structural analysis of behavior is looking at topography and not the why, triggers or function of behavior. When looking at only structural analysis of behavior you are looking at the observed behavior for example hand flapping but not understanding what is maintaining that behavior such as automatic reinforcement or escape.