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Flashcards in Ch 2 Basic Concepts Deck (20):
1

The duration of a given behavioral event refers to which of the following measurable property of behavior?

Temporal extent

2

Bruce, an 11-year old male, screams, aggresses toward other students, and flips over desks all to gain access to attention. These behaviors, which all result in the same consequence, can be classified as belonging to what?

Response class

3

Which of the following would not be considered to be a formal dimension of a stimulus?

When the stimulus occurs

4

Stimulus events can be described (select all that apply):

Formally, temporally, functionally

5

A set or collection of knowledge and skill that a person has learned that are relevant to a particular task or setting is known as ____.

Repertoire

6

Food is an example of a _____ reinforcer, while money is an example of a _____ reinforcer.

Unconditioned; conditioned

7

Learners do not need to be aware of antecedents for antecedents to alter behavior.

True

8

Behavior elicited by antecedent stimuli is best described as:

Respondent behavior

9

A response is followed by a stimulus change, the effect of which is an increase in the future frequency of that response. Which stimulus-change operation most likely occurred?

Reinforcement

10

A response is followed by a stimulus change, the effect of which is a decrease in the future frequency of that response. Which stimulus-change operation most likely occurred?

Punishment

11

Your puppy runs into the kitchen when it hears the beep from your microwave but not when it hears your tea kettle whistle. In this example, running into the kitchen is an example of behavior being under:

Stimulus control

12

A behavior that occurs more often under some antecedent conditions that it does under other conditions is called a(n):

Discriminated operant

13

Food deprivation alters the momentary effectiveness of food as a reinforcer. Food deprivation is an example of:

Motivating operation

14

Applied behavior analysis procedures involve the manipulation of one or more components of the three-term contingency. What terms make up the three-term contingency?

Antecedent, behavior, consequence

15

Operant behavior is selected by its:

Consequences

16

The term “contingent” as used in behavior analysis refers to the dependent relationship of a particular consequence on the occurrence of behavior and is also used in reference to the _____ order of behavior and its consequences.

Temporal

17

Which of the following is not a major contributor to the complexity associated with the analysis and control of human behavior?

Complexity of ethical considerations

18

Discuss the difference between a principle of behavior and a behavior-change tactic.

Principle of behavior is the foundation of behavior such as EAB based off of empirical principles and the analysis of antecedent, behavior and consequence. Behavior-change tactic would be research based, used with ABA, technology such as shaping and chaining and utilized for socially significant behavior change.

19

Discuss the importance of a functional analysis of behavior over a structural analysis of behavior.

Functional analysis of behavior is important because structural analysis of behavior is looking at topography and not the why, triggers or function of behavior. When looking at only structural analysis of behavior you are looking at the observed behavior for example hand flapping but not understanding what is maintaining that behavior such as automatic reinforcement or escape.

20

Do physiological measures have any utility in applied practice? Why or why not? If yes, then discuss the benefits and provide examples how you could incorporate them into practice. If no, then explain the disadvantages and why they would not be feasible in practice.

Yes, benefits of utilizing physiological measures can help us understand fears and phobias. Like in this weeks article they looked at precursor behavior of heart rate that increases before the participant goes into escape behaviors such as eloping or SIB. This is also helpful when the learner might have an intellectual disability or lack of language to express the fear and phobia. The example in the article was to reinforce distance of the participant to dogs (the aversive stimuli) by tracking heart rate as an indicator of the fear. Another example would be utilizing the heart rate monitor to track fear and phobia of going to places such as doctors office. Utilizing these as measurements we can create goals to reinforcement at a specific bpm.